The Groningen Button Results
In 1980, the first Groningen button was placed in a patient undergoing a total laryngectomy in the ENT-department of the Groningen University Hospital.
KeywordsSevere Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Injection Method Total Laryngectomy Speech Quality Voice Prosthesis
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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- Mahieu HF et al. (1984) Intelligibility, vocal intensity and LTAS of the Groningen button oesophageal speech. In: Speech restoration via voice prosthesis. Int Workshop June 1984, WürzburgGoogle Scholar
- Schaeffer SD, Johns DF (1982) Attaining functional oesophageal speech. Arch Otolaryng 108:647–649Google Scholar
- Schutte HK et al. (1984) Evaluation of speech with and without a “Groningen type” voice button. In: Speech restoration via voice prosthesis. Int Workshop June 1984, WürzburgGoogle Scholar
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986