The Hypopharyngeal Puncture

  • H. P. Zenner
  • I. F. Herrmann
Conference paper


By constructing a tracheohypopharyngeal shunt in a patient who has undergone a laryngectomy, intelligible speech can be developed. In order to prevent aspiration, the use of prostheses dates back to the time of the first cancer laryngectomy performed by Billroth in 1873. The device created by Gussenbauer (1874) not only prevented aspiration, but restored the patients voice. 100 years later Mozolewski (this volume, p. 7) developed a miniature valved prosthesis that allowed rapid voice rehabilitation with minimal complications. In 1979 Blom and Singer presented an endoscopic procedure in which a midline tracheoesophageal puncture is performed. They constructed an inexpensive commercially available prosthesis which projects through the upper part of the tracheostoma and is taped to the neck. Furthermore, Herrmann and Kley (1981) as well as Panje (1981) developed silicon valves which could be inserted through the previously formed fistula tract and which are self-contained within the tracheostoma.


Intelligible Speech Voice Prosthesis Contrast Radiography Shunt Technique Dialect Pattern 
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  1. Blom ED, Singer MI (1979) Surgical-prosthetic approaches for post-laryngectomy rehabilitation. In: Keith RL, Darley FL (eds) Laryngectomee rehabilitation. College Hill Press, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  2. Gussenbauer C (1874) Über die erste durch Th. Billroth am Menschen ausgeführte Kehlkopf- Exstirpation und die Anwendung eines künstlichen Kehlkopfes. Arch Klin Chir 17:343Google Scholar
  3. Herrmann IF, Kley W (1981) The glottoplasty. Proc XIIth ORL World Congr BudapestGoogle Scholar
  4. Panje WR (1981) Prosthetic vocal rehabilitation following laryngectomy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 90:116PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. P. Zenner
  • I. F. Herrmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitätsklink und Poliklinik für Hals-, Nasen- und Ohrenkranke im KopfklinikumWürzburgGermany

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