The Kidneys (Renes)

  • Werner Lierse


The kidneys are parenchymatous organs which are essential for life. They are situated in the retroperitoneal space and are suspended by fat and fibrous tissue. The medial border of each kidney curves inwards to form the renal sinus while the lateral border is convex. Cranially and caudally the rounded ends of the kidney are known as the upper and lower renal poles.


Sarcoma Lime Peri Convolution Crest 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Werner Lierse
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitäts-Krankenhaus EppendorfAnatomisches InstitutHamburgGermany

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