Monitors in Closed-Circuit Anaesthesia
Monitoring of the central nervous or cardiovascular system during closed-circuit anaesthesia is no different from that in high-flow system anaesthesia. However, during closed-circuit anaesthesia, monitoring of oxygen, carbon dioxide and halothane concentrations in the circuit is an essential and integral part of the practice of this system.
KeywordsDioxide Zirconium Rubber Lime Halothane
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