Monitors in Closed-Circuit Anaesthesia

  • M. Yamashita
  • H. Ishihara
  • T. Oyama
Conference paper


Monitoring of the central nervous or cardiovascular system during closed-circuit anaesthesia is no different from that in high-flow system anaesthesia. However, during closed-circuit anaesthesia, monitoring of oxygen, carbon dioxide and halothane concentrations in the circuit is an essential and integral part of the practice of this system.


Full Scale Automatic Gain Control Sampling Flow Rate Halothane Concentration Expiratory Limb 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Yamashita
  • H. Ishihara
  • T. Oyama

There are no affiliations available

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