A Peculiar Breathing Pattern and Consequent Blood Pressure Oscillation During Social Stress

  • D. S. Fokkema
  • J. M. Koolhaas
Conference paper


The primary wave in blood pressure, which finds its origin in the cardiac pulse, is well known to vary in amplitude and frequency as a result of various environmental stimuli (Cacioppo and Petty 1982). Less attention has been given to the reactivity of the secondary blood pressure wave. Nor has its cause, the normal respiratory movement, been studied extensively in relation to environmental factors (Grossman 1983). Although its significance to other physiological responses has been well recognized, in experiments this has only infrequently been taken into consideration by controlling the respiratory rate (McCaul et al. 1979; Ahmed et al. 1982).


Intrathoracic Pressure Baseline Blood Pressure Expiratory Phase Cardiac Pulse Synchronous Recording 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahmed AK, Harness JB, Mearns AJ (1982) Respiratory control of heart rate. Eur J Appl Physiol 50: 95 - 104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bohus B (1985) Acute cardiac responses to emotional stressors in the rat: the involvement of neuroendocrine mechanisms. In: Orlebeke JF, Mulder G, van Doornen LJP (eds) Psychophysiology of cardiovascular control. Plenum, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Cacioppo J, Petty R (eds) (1982) Perspectives in cardiovascular psychophysiology. Guilford, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Fokkema DS, Koolhaas JM (1985) Acute and conditioned blood pressure changes in relation to social and psychosocial stimuli in rats. Physiol Behav 34: 33 - 38PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fokkema DS, Koolhaas JM, vd Meulen J, Schoemaker R (1986) Social stress induced pressure breathing and consequent blood pressure oscillation. Life Sei 38: 569 - 575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grossman P (1983) Respiration and stress-related cardiovascular risk. Psychophysiology 20 (3): 284 - 300PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. McCaul K, Solomon S, Holmes D (1979) Effects of paced respiration on physiological and psychological responses to threat. J Pers Soc Psychol 37: 564 - 571Google Scholar
  8. Schmidt TH (1983) Cardiovascular reactions and cardiovascular risk. In: Dembroski TM, Schmidt TH, Blümchen G (eds) Biobehavioral bases of coronary heart disease. Karger, Basel, pp 130 - 174Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. S. Fokkema
  • J. M. Koolhaas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal PhysiologyState University of GroningenHavenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations