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The Importance of the Type A Subcomponent Hostility for Myocardial Infarction at Young Age

  • W. Langosch
  • G. Brodner
  • H. Borcherding

Abstract

Results of recent studies suggest that hostility may be of importance in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD). In a study by Kantor and Robertson (1977), repressed hostility as measured by the MMPI scales for “repression anxiety” and “manifest hostility”, increased systematically as the level of physiological risk of developing CHD increased. This relationship persisted across social class levels and different study samples (Evans County and Buffalo, New Jersey). Siltanen et al. (1975) compared a group of 41 subjects without any symptoms or signs of CHD who had a low risk of CHD, with a group of 40 subjects with ECG signs of CHD, but without symptoms of CHD, and a group of 40 subjects with ECG signs of CHD and symptoms of CHD. In comparison with the apparently healthy men, the members of the two other groups scored significantly higher on aggression as measured by a sentence completion test. Using a factor-analytically derived aggressiveness/hostility scale of the Rating of Statements List, van Dijl (1982) was able to show, in three different studies, that myocardial infarction patients score higher on this scale.

Keywords

Heart Rate Variability Coronary Heart Disease Incidence Myocardial Infarction Patient Stressor Phase Vital Exhaustion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Langosch
  • G. Brodner
  • H. Borcherding
    • 1
  1. 1.Benedikt Kreutz RehabilitationszentrumBad KrozingenFederal Republic of Germany

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