Interactions of Volatile Anesthetics with Epinephrine, ß-Receptor Antagonists and Calcium Channel Blockers

  • C. Prys-Roberts
Conference paper
Part of the Anaesthesiologie und Intensivmedizin Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine book series (A+I, volume 185)


Volatile anaesthetics exert powerful effects on the cardiovascular system in every species studied. Each anaesthetic exerts a different spectrum of dose-dependent effects on the constituent organs and tissues of the heart and vascular system. These effects are complex, but can be classified as:
  1. 1.

    Direct depressant effects on cardiac muscle and vascular smooth muscle;

  2. 2.

    Direct depression of cardiac pacemaker or conduction tissue;

  3. 3.

    Inhibition of baroreflex control mechanisms;

  4. 4.

    Suppression or activation of sympathetic nervous activity.



Volatile Anaesthetic Halothane Anaesthesia Haemodynamic Response Cardiac Sympathetic Nerve Calcium Gluconate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

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  • C. Prys-Roberts

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