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Upper-Extremity Blocks

  • P. Prithvi Raj
  • Hans Nolte
  • Michael Stanton-Hicks

Abstract

Brachial plexus block was first performed in 1885 by William Steward Halsted, who used cocaine and direct exposure of the roots in the neck to accomplish the block. In 1911, Hirschel and Kulenkampff described the first percutaneous brachial plexus block by the axillary and supraclavicular routes respectively. Since these historic reports, the efficacy of brachial plexus block has been confirmed, and the block is now commonly used to provide upperextremity anesthesia.

Keywords

Median Nerve Brachial Plexus Ulnar Nerve Radial Nerve Axillary Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Reference

  1. Winnie AP (1983) Plexus anesthesia: perivascular techniques of brachial plexus block. Saunders, Philadelphia and Schultz Medical Information, Copenhagen.Google Scholar

References

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References

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References

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References

  1. Accardo NJ, Adriani J (1949) Brachial plexus block: a simplified tech nique using the axillary route. South Med J 42: 420–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Prithvi Raj
    • 1
  • Hans Nolte
    • 2
  • Michael Stanton-Hicks
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Texas Medical SchoolHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Institut für AnästhesiologieKlinikum MindenMindenGermany
  3. 3.Klinik für AnästhesiologieKlinikum der Johannes Gutenberg-UniversitätMainz 1Germany

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