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Agoraphobia and the Hyperventilation Syndrome — the Role of Interpretations of Complaints

  • Bert Garssen
Conference paper

Abstract

Agoraphobia is considered by many authors to be a secondary reaction to the occurrence of panic attacks (Roberts 1964; Mendel and Klein 1969; Grunhaus etal. 1981). Such a causal relation is plausible. It has been demonstrated, that the majority (69 to 100%) of agoraphobic patients have panic attacks (Roberts 1964; DiNardo et al. 1983; Marks etal. 1983; Torgesen 1983; Garvey and Tuason 1984; Thyer et al. 1985). The first panic attacks occurred before, or at least at the same time as the onset of the agoraphobic complaints (Roberts 1964; Garvey and Tuason 1984).

Keywords

Panic Disorder Panic Attack Somatic Complaint Phobic Anxiety Somatic Illness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bert Garssen

There are no affiliations available

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