Professional Responsibilty: Development and Enforcement of Standards within United States Crime Laboratories for the Genetic Marker Typing of Physiological Stain Evidence

  • Benjamin W. Grunbaum
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Forensic Haemogenetics book series (HAEMOGENETICS, volume 1)


There have been recent challenges in United States’ courts to the admissibility of evidence derived from genetic marker typing of physiological stain evidence. In at least two instances, higher courts have ruled that the expert witness who has offered such evidence is unqualified to testify in regard to its reliability. These opinions raise some interesting questions regarding the status and role of the crime laboratory analyst within the criminal justice system and his relationship to the scientific community.


Criminal Justice System Professional Community Expert Witness Educational Requirement Polygraph Test 
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  1. 1).
    Frye v. United States, 293 F. 1013 (D.C. Cir. 1923 )Google Scholar
  2. 2).
    People v. Young, 418 Mich. 1, 340 N.W. 2nd 905 (1983)Google Scholar
  3. 3).
    People v. Reilly, Court of Appeal of the State of California, First District, Division Two, filed 25 March 1985.Google Scholar
  4. 4).
    Grunbaum, Benjamin W. “Physiological Stain Evidence: Guidelines to Assure Quality Analysis,” California Defender, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Spring, 1985. Pp. 20–26.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin W. Grunbaum
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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