Limbic Seizures

  • H. G. Wieser
  • W. Kausel
Conference paper

Abstract

Before beginning a discussion of limbic seizures, it seems appropriate to define briefly the connotation of the term “limbic system.” In 1878, Broca described this phylogenetically old, trilaminar part around the brain stem as “le grande lobe limbique.” This apparatus became very popular after Papez (1937) had proposed his famous “circuit” and hypothetically linked it, because of its capability to reverberate, with the emotional-affective sphere. In 1952, Paul MacLean suggested the term “limbic system” as a designation for the limbic cortex and structures of the brain stem with which it has primary connections. As a result of more recent intensive anatomical studies, the borders of the limbic system concept have been expanded (Nauta 1979). This has led to a certain vagueness in its anatomical connotation. Obviously it is a matter of preference whether these diencephalic and mesencephalic structures, with which the core structures of the limbic region of the cerebral hemisphere (i. e., amygdala and hippocampal formation) are known to be associated by largely reciprocal fiber connections, should be incorporated. Thus the term limbic system, as currently used, is also at least partly based on physiological grounds. Morphologists, for this reason, sometimes find that the term “system” is not an adequate one insofar as different brain areas are constituents of it.

Keywords

Respiration Retina Neurol Peri Tempo 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. G. Wieser
    • 1
  • W. Kausel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity HospitalZürichSwitzerland

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