An Interpersonal Measure of Hostility Based on Speech Context
While the importance of family and social factors in the prognosis of schizophrenia has long been recognized, the work of Brown, Birley and Wing  and Vaughn and Leff  on criticism and emotional overinvolvement in families of discharged schizophrenic patients is at present a major research focus. In their replicated studies, the Expressed Emotion (EE) ratings of key relatives (e.g., a spouse or parent) predicted with high accuracy the relapse or acute exacerbation of symptoms within the 9 months after discharge of schizophrenic patients who have returned to live with these relatives. The informant’s EE was measured on three primary scales: Critical Comments, Hostility, and Emotional Overinvolvement [7, 8]. The Critical Comments and Emotional Overinvolvement Scales depend partly on the contents of the informant’s speech and partly on tone of voice. The ratings were made from audiotape recordings of interviews and have yielded high interrater reliability.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 4.Gottschalk LA, Winget CN, Gleser GC (1969) Manual of instructions for using the Gottschalk-Gleser content analysis scales: anxiety, hostility, and social alienation — personal disorganization. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
- 5.Gottschalk LA (ed) (1979) The content analysis of verbal behavior: further studies. Spectrum, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 6.Hollingshead AS (1977) Four factor index of social status. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
- 10.Wynne LC, Gift TE (1979) A five-minute speech sample technique for assessing family emotional atmosphere, presented at the NIMH conference on expressed emotion, Washington DC, april 17–18Google Scholar