Aggressiveness in Psychotherapy and Its Relationship with the Patient’s Change: An Adaptation of the Gottschalk-Gleser Hostility Scales to the Portuguese Language

  • Paulo Belmonte de Abreu


Today, more than ever, aggressiveness is an issue of concern due to its widespread manifestations within several levels of society. Its origins, its future, and the individual’s relationship to and use of it have been extensively discussed elsewhere [1, 2]. It is known to be part of our daily life and when appropriately oriented to external reality, it can help an individual be more fulfilled and satisfied in this world.


Depression Income Sonal Aires Hypochondriasis 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paulo Belmonte de Abreu

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