The functional anatomy of the knee joint - kinematics of the ligaments
The ligaments of 32 knees from 20 cadavers were prepared and morphometrically measured. The attachment areas were related to the geometry of the femoral condyles. In a previous paper the shape of the condyles was described as an involute of a circle. Based on this model the kinematics of the attachment points of the ligaments were calculated by mathematical methods and compared with two-dimensional models of the knee joint.