Current Concerns and Disengagement from Incentives

  • E. Klinger


We animals have our drastic differences, but almost all of us — from amoe-bas to humans — have at least one behavioral imperative in common: We almost all have to go out and get the things we need in order to survive and procreate. We have to identify them, reach out or ambulate towards them, and bring them to those of our organs that can make use of them. Our morphology, our physiology, and our behavioral organization are all arranged so as to satisfy this imperative. This means that, from the beginning, animals have necessarily been constructed to pursue necessary goals, which means in turn that they have been shaped by the requirements of goal pursuit. Goal-striving, and therefore motivation in the larger sense, are integral facets of life as an animal.


Free Recall Goal Pursuit Current Concern Goal Choice Goal Object 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Klinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of the Social SciencesUniversity of MinnesotaMorrisUSA

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