Tetillidae (Spirophorida, Porifera): A Taxonomic Reevaluation

  • K. Rützler
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 13)


A large series of tetillid sponges was analysed using museum specimens and live material. The study led to a reevaluation of genera in that family, as well as of characters used to distinguish species. Properties of cortex, porocalices, and unusual accessory spicules are deemed adequate for distinguishing seven genera at the present state of our knowledge: Tetilla, Craniella, Cinachyra, Paratetilla, Amphitethya, Cinachyrella, (elevated from subgeneric status), and Acanthotetilla. Only few traditional species characteristics are considered stable enough to allow separating western Atlantic Cinachyrella. These apply to five species: C. alloclada, C. kuekenthali, C. tarentina, C. apion, and C. new species (van Soest & Stentoft, in press). It is recommended to avoid descriptions of new species without representative specimen series and observations of live populations, and to examine additional biological and molecular biological properties of the sponges for possible application in taxonomy.


Type Species Museum Specimen Live Material Axial Cana1 Choanocyte Chamber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Rützler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Invertebrate ZoologyNational Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian InstitutionUSA

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