Sexual Reproduction, Larval Morphology and Behaviour in Demosponges from the Southwest of the Netherlands

  • M. Wapstra
  • R. W. M. van Soest
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 13)


The reproductive periods of sponge species from the SW of The Netherlands were determined. Morphological characteristics of the larvae of the recently described Haliclona xena and Mycale micracanthoxea are given. More detailed information is included on the previously described larvae of Halichondria panicea, Halichondria bowerbanki, Hymeniacidon perlevis, Haliclona oculata, Haliclona rosea, Acervochalina loosanoffi and Dysidea fragilis. Morphological changes in sponge larvae during their free life are described. Furthermore an overview of known larval descriptions is included along with a discussion of the taxonomic value of larval features.


Posterior Pole Sponge Species Anterior Pole Larval Release Larval Morphology 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Wapstra
    • 1
  • R. W. M. van Soest
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Taxonomic ZoologyUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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