Mixing and Exchange Processes in Estuaries, Fjords and Shelf Waters

  • Harald Svendsen
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 7)


This paper is a summary of the present state of understanding of mixing and exchange processes in estuaries, fjords and shelf waters. Existing classification methods are evaluated with particular stress put on emphasizing their limitations. Using the equation of turbulent energy transport, a brief presentation of aspects related to mixing processes and sources of turbulent energy is given. Results from model and field studies are applied to estimate the importance of the different mixing processes in estuaries, fjords and shelves, and their influence on exchange processes between the three regimes and adjacent waters. Finally, some thoughts for future work are given.


Turbulent Kinetic Energy Continental Shelf Internal Wave Froude Number Turbulent Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harald Svendsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Geophysical InstituteUniversity of BergenBergenNorway

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