The use and Limitations of Dendrochronology in Studying Effects of Air Pollution on Forests

  • E. R. Cook
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 16)

Abstract

The annual ringwidths of trees can be used to search for hypothesized air pollution effects on forests. This search is extremenly complicated by the inherent statistical properties of ringwidth data and the high level of uncertainty regarding the sources of variance observed in the ringwidths. A linear aggregate model for ringwidths which highlights the general classes of variance that may be found in a tree-ring series is described. Dendrochronological principles and techniques that can be used to create a tree-ring chronology that is suitable for rigorous statistical analysis and hypothesis testing are described. An analysis of a red spruce tree-ring chronology indicates that a decline in ringwidths since 1968 cannot be explained by a linear temperature response model.

Keywords

Resi Autocorrelation Kelly 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Conkey LE (1979) Response of tree-ring density to climate in Maine, USA. Tree-Ring Bull 39: 29–38Google Scholar
  2. Cook ER (1982) Eastern North America. In: Hughes MK, Kelly PM, Pilcher JR, LaMarche VC Jr (eds) Climate from tree rings. University Press, Cambridge, p 126Google Scholar
  3. Cook ER (1985) A time series analysis approach to tree ring standardization. PhD thesis, Univ Arizona, TucsonGoogle Scholar
  4. Cook ER, Peters K (1981) The smoothing spline: A new approach to standardizing forest interior tree-ring width series for dendroclimatic studies. Tree-Ring Bull 41: 45–54Google Scholar
  5. Friedland AJ, Gregory RA, Karenlampi L, Johnson AH (1984) Winter damage to foliage as a factor in red spruce decline. Can J For Res 14: 963–965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fritts HC (1976) Tree rings and climate. Academic Press, New York, p 567Google Scholar
  7. Hepting GH (1963) Climate and forest decline. Ann Rev Phytopath 1: 31–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Johnson AH, Siccama TG (1983) Acid deposition and forest decline. Environ Sci Tech 17: 294–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Karl TR, Livezey RE, Epstein ES (1984) Recent unusual mean winter temperatures across the contiguous United States. Bull Am Met Soc 65: 1302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lamb HH (1977) Climate: present, past and future, vol 2, Climatic history and the future. Methuen & Co, London, p 835Google Scholar
  11. Scott JT, Siccama TG, Johnson AH, Briesch AR (1984) Decline of red spruce in the Adirondacks, New York. Bull Torrey Bot Club 111 (4): 438–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Siccama TG, Bliss M, Voglmann HW (1982) Decline of red spruce in the Green Mountains of Vermont. Bull Torrey Bot Club 109: 163–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. White PS (1979) Pattern, process, and natural disturbance in Vegetation. Bot Rev 45: 229–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. R. Cook
    • 1
  1. 1.Tree-Ring LaboratoryLamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia UniversityPalisadesUSA

Personalised recommendations