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Water use by Quercus Ilex L. in forests near Barcelona, Spain

  • M. P. Comín
  • A. Escarré
  • C. A. Gracia
  • M. J. Lledó
  • R. Rabella
  • R. Savé
  • J. Terradas
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 15)

Abstract

Quercus ilex evergreen-oak forests are often viewed as climax communities in large areas of the Iberian Peninsula influenced by a mediterranean type climate (see also discussion by Naveh in this volume). Nevertheless, there are genetic and floristic differences in Q. ilex populations and forests found throughout this region. In parts of northeast Spain under humid meso-mediterranean conditions, evergreen-oak belongs to the phytosociological association Quercetum mediterraneo-montanum (Bolós 1983) which is dominated by Q. ilex ssp. ilex. The water use by plants and hydrological balance in these ecosystems have been little studied, despite the importance of these forests for water yield, soil protection, and maintenance of environmental quality. We report here the results of studies at two experimental forest plots located in the Prades (l’Avic) and Montseny (La Castanya) mountain ranges. Data have been gathered to describe the water budget for a watershed on watertight rock. Other measurements have been focused on understanding the ecophysiology of Q. ilex and movement of water vertically through the forest canopy.

Keywords

Water Potential Cold Stress Water Budget Mediterranean Type Climate Climax Community 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. P. Comín
    • 1
  • A. Escarré
    • 2
  • C. A. Gracia
    • 1
  • M. J. Lledó
    • 2
  • R. Rabella
    • 3
  • R. Savé
    • 3
  • J. Terradas
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. d’Ecologia, Fac. BiologiaUniversitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Dept. de BiologíaUniv. AlicanteAlicanteSpain
  3. 3.Dept. d’Ecologia, Fac. CiènciesUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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