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The endobenthic predators are all residents on the tidal flats and do not perform tidal migrations. They share the sedimentary environment with their prey populations and cannot easily turn to other tidal flats when prey becomes rare or when physical factors are adverse. In contrast to the tidally, seasonally, and locally intermittent effects of the mobile epibenthic predators, the effects of endobenthic predators are expected to be continuous and more refined. The density of endobenthic carnivores, together with their prey, is often kept low by the epibenthic predators (see Tables 7.1 and 8.3).
KeywordsTidal Flat Multiple Predation Adult Body Mass Tidal Flat Sediment Early Juvenile Stage
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