Contextual Coding in Memory: Studies of Remembered Duration
Two metatheories have dominated psychological studies of memory and of time during this century. Although the historical pattern of adoption of these metatheoretical approaches overlaps somewhat, one of them is clearly older. The older metatheory has roots in the behavioristic and neobehavioristic psychology of the earlier part of this century, but it extends it; branches into some recent information processing psychology. I refer to this as a stimulus-based approach, because it emphasizes memory for stimulus events per se.The newer metatheory originates in some cognitive psychology of the later part of this century. I refer to this as a context-based approach, because it emphasizes contextual coding in memory.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Block, R. A. Time and consciousness. In: G. Underwood & R. Stevens (Eds.), Aspects of consciousness: Vol. 1. Psychological issues. London: Academic Press, 1979, pp. 179–217.Google Scholar
- Bransford, J. D. Human cognition: Learning, understanding, and remembering. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1979.Google Scholar
- Estes, W. K. Is human memory obsolete? American Scientist, 1980, 68, 62–69.Google Scholar
- Hoffman, R. R., & Nead, J. M. General contextualism, ecological science and cognitive research. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 1983, 4, 507–560.Google Scholar
- Jenkins, J.J. Four points to remember: A tetrahedral model of memory experiments. In: L.S. Cermak & F.I.M. Craik (Eds.), Levels of processing and human memory. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1979, pp. 429–446.Google Scholar
- Ornstein, R. E. On the experience of time. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books, 1969.Google Scholar
- Pepper, S. C. World hypotheses. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1942.Google Scholar
- Rosenthal, R., & Rosnow, R. L. Essentials of behavioral research: Methods and data analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1984.Google Scholar
- Underwood, B.J. Temporal codes for memories: Issues and problems. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1977.Google Scholar
- Vroon, PA. Effects of presented and processed information on duration experience. Acta Psychologica, 1910, 34, 115–121.Google Scholar
- 1.Block, R. A. Remembered duration: Imagery processes and contextual encoding. Manuscript in preparation, 1984.Google Scholar