Advertisement

Clinical Self-Rating Scales (CSRS) of the Munich Psychiatric Information System (PSYCHIS München)

  • D. von Zerssen

Abstract

In order to assess the present mental state of patients at admission to and discharge from a psychiatric hospital and to record changes in their general mood state during hospitalization or within special research projects, a series of self-rating scales [5, 29, 30] were constructed as a supplement to clinical-rating scales (such as the inpatient multidimensional psychiatric scale [IMPS] according to Lorr and Klett [15]). All these scales, together with additional scales for the evaluation of premorbid personality traits and the respective scoring procedures, constitute a subsystem of the Munich psychiatric information system (PSYCHIS München [1]) developed at the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry (MPIP). At present the data bank of this system contains questionnaire data on more than 3500 psychiatric inpatients, well over 700 medical patients, and approximately 4000 subjects from the general population investigated in epidemiological studies [8, 26, 29 a] by means of these scales or a subset of them. The scales have also been applied in various other clinical and outpatient settings, pharmacological laboratories, etc., within and outside the Federal Republic of Germany.

Keywords

Item Score Test Duration Psychiatric Inpatient Parallel Version Parallel Test 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Barthelmes, H., and Zerssen, D. von 1978. Das Münchener Psychiatrische Informationssystem (PSYCHIS München). In: P. Reichertz and E. Schwarz (eds.), Informationssysteme in der medizinischen Versorgung. Ökologie der Systeme, pp. 138–145. Schattauer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baumann, U., and Dittrich, A. 1975. Konstruktion einer deutschsprachigen Psychotizismus-Skala. Z. Exp. Angew. Psychol. 22: 365–373.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bobon, D.P., Lapierre, Y.D., and Lottin, T. 1981. Validity and sensitivity of the French version of the Zerssen BfS/BfS’ self-rating mood scale during treatment with trazodone and amitriptyline. Progr. Neuropsychopharmacol. 5: 519–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Buros, O.K. (ed.). 1970. Personality Tests and Reviews. Gryphon, Highland Park, N.J.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Collegium Internationale Psychiatriae Scalarum (eds.). 1981. CIPS Internationale Skalen für Psychiatrie. Beltz Test, Weinheim.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cording-Tömmel, C., and Zerssen, D. von. 1982. Mianserin and maprotiline as compared to amitriptyline in severe endogenous depression. A new methodological approach to the clinical evaluation of the efficacy of antidepressants. Pharmacopsychiatria 15: 197–204.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    DeSoto, C.B., and Kuethe, J.L. 1959. The set to claim undesirable symptoms in personality inventories. J. consult. Psychol. 23: 496–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dilling, H., Weyerer, S., and Castell, R. 1984. Psychische Erkrankungen in der Bevölkerung. Enke, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Eysenck, S.B.G., and Eysenck, H.J. 1972. The questionnaire measurement of psychoticism. Psychol. Med. 2: 50–55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gudat, U., and Revenstorff, D. 1976. Interventionseffekte in klinischen Zeitreihen. Arch. Psychol. (Frankf.) 128: 16–44.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Heimann, H., Bobon-Schrod, H., Schmocker, A.M., and Bobon, D. P. 1975. Auto-évaluation de l’humeur par une liste d’adjectifs, la “Befindlichkeits-Skala” (BS) de Zerssen. Encéphale n.s. 1: 165–183.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Linden, M., and Krautzig, E. 1981. Befindlichkeitsmessung in kurzzeitigen Abständen: ein experimenteller Beitrag zur Validierung der Befindlichkeitsskala (Bf-S) nach v. Zerssen. Pharmacopsychiatria 14: 40–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lord, F. M., and Novick, M.R. 1968. Statistical Theories of Mental Test Scores. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading, MA.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lorr, M. 1974. Assessing psychotic behavior by the IMPS. In: P. Pichot and R. Olivier-Martin (eds.), Psychological Measurements in Psychopharmaeology. Modern Problems in Pharmacopsychiatry, pp.50–63, Vol.7. Karger, Basel.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lorr, M., and Klett, C.J. 1967. Inpatient Multidimensional Psychiatric Scale (IMPS), revised manual. Consult. Psychologists. Palo Alto, CAGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Luria, R.E. 1975. The validity and reliability of the Visual Analogue Mood Scale. J. Psychiatr. Res. 12: 51–57.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mendels, J., Weinstein, N., and Cochrane, C. 1972. The relationship between depression and anxiety. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 27: 649–653.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Möller, H.J., Barthelmes, H., and Zerssen, D. von. 1983. Forschungsmöglichkeiten auf der Grundlage einer routinemäβig durchgeführten psychiatrischen Basis-und Befunddokumentation. Psychiatr. Clin. (Basel) 16: 45–61.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Möller, H.-J., and Zerssen, D. von. 1982. Depressive states occurring during the neuroleptic treatment of schizophrenia. Schizophr. Bull. 8: 109–117.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Paetz, D., Krüskemper, G., and Gillich, K.H. 1975. Testpsychologische Untersuchungen über die Befindlichkeit von Patientinnen im Klimakterium während stationärer internistischer Behandlung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Oestrogen-und Gestagenwirkung. Z. Gerontol. 8: 358–364.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Stieglitz, R.-D., Baumann, U., Tobien, H., and Zerssen, D. von. 1980. Zur Stichproben-und Zeitinvarianz von Testkennwerten bei einer Beschwerdenliste. Z. Exp. Angew. Psychol. 27: 631–654.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Strian, F., Heger, R., and Klicpera, C. 1981. The course of depression for different types of schizophrenia. Psychiatr. Clin. (Basel) 14: 205–214.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Strian, F., Heger, R., and Klicpera, C. 1982. The time structure of depressive mood in schizophrenic patients. Acta Psychiatr. Scand. 65: 66–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wechsler, D. 1958. The Measurement and Appraisal of Adult Intelligence. 4th Ed. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Weissman, M.M., and Klerman, G.L. 1977. Sex differences and the epidemiology of depression. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 34: 98–111.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wittchen, H.-U. 1983. Der Verlauf und Ausgang behandelter und unbehandelter affektiver Störungen unter psychopathologischen, sozialen und psychologischen Aspekten. Psychol. Habilitationsschrift, University of Munich.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wittmann, B. 1978. Untersuchung über die faktorielle und klinisch-diagnostische Differenzierbarkeit der Syndrome Angst und Depression in der klinischen Selbstbeurteilung sowie über die Beziehung zwischen den Fragebogendimensionen “Paranoide Tendenzen” und “Psychotizismus”. Doctoral dissertation, University of Munich.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zerssen, D. von. 1973. Beschwerdenskalen bei Depressionen. Therapiewoche 46: 4426–4440.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zerssen, D. von, in collaboration with Koeller, D.-M. 1976 a-d. Klinische Selbstbeurteilungs-Skalen (KSb-S) aus dem Münchener Psychiatrischen Informations-System (PSYCHIS München), Manuale. (a) Allgemeiner Teil; (b) Die Beschwerden-Liste; (c) Paranoid-Depressivitäts-Skala, Depressivitäts-Skala; (d) Die Befindlichkeits-Skala. Beltz Test, Weinheim.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zerssen, D. von. 1979. Klinisch-psychiatrische Selbstbeurteilungs-Fragebögen. In: U. Baumann, H. Berbalk, and G. Seidenstücker (eds.), Klinische Psychologie. Trends in Forschung und Praxis 2, pp. 130–159. Huber, Bern.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zerssen, D. von. 1981. Körperliche und Allgemeinbeschwerden als Ausdruck seelischer Gestörtheit. Therapiewoche 31: 865–876.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zerssen, D. von. 1983. Self-rating scales in the evaluation of psychiatric treatment. In: T. Helgason (ed.), Methodology in Evaluation of Psychiatric Treatment, pp. 183–204. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Zerssen, D. von, and Cording, C. 1978. The measurement of change in endogenous affective disorders. Arch. Psychiatr. Nervenkr. 226: 95–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Zerssen, D. von, and Weyerer, S. 1982. Sex differences in rates of mental disorders. Int. J. Ment. Health 11: 9–45.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zung, W.W.K. 1965. A self-rating depression scale. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 12: 63–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Zung, W.W.K. 1971. A rating instrument for anxiety disorders. Psychosomatics 12: 371–379.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Zung, W.W.K. 1974. The measurement of affects: Depression and anxiety. In: P. Pichot and R. Olivier-Martin (eds.), Psychological Measurements in Psychopharmacology. Modern Problems in Pharmacopsychiatry, pp. 170–188, Vol.7. Karger; Basel.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. von Zerssen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations