Bony Tissue. Indirect or Chondral Bone Formation. End of Longitudinal Growth and Articular Cartilage
When the supply of new cartilage cells through interstitial growth can no longer compete with the resorptive processes, the epiphyseal cartilage (Fig.A1) is perforated and the epiphyseal cavities become continuous with the marrow cavity (Fig. A2) of the diaphysis. It is clear that long bones can only increase in length if there are sufficient chondrocytes capable of proliferation in the epiphyseal cartilage. Longitudinal growth of the skeleton terminates with the disappearance of the epiphyseal plate.