Evaluation of Tumoral Spread: The Retroperitoneal Space
Once the diagnosis of a malignant renal tumor has been made, the tumor’s spread must be evaluated. This demands the assessment of direct spread across the perirenal tissues, of lymphatic and venous spread in the retroperitoneal space, and of hematogenous spread, particularly to the liver.
KeywordsLymphoma Respiration Nial Noma Verse
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