Advertisement

Suprasellar Pathology

  • Jean-François Bonneville
  • Françoise Cattin
  • Jean-Louis Dietemann

Abstract

Craniopharyngiomas are benign tumors arising from epithelial remnants of Rathke’s pouch. These tumors are mainly seen between the age of 5 and 25 years; however, about 20% of these tumors are encountered after the age of 40.

Keywords

Arachnoid Cyst Precocious Puberty Dermoid Cyst Epidermoid Cyst Pituitary Stalk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson FM, Segall HD, Paton WL (1979) Use of CT scanning in supratentorial arachnoid cysts. A report on 20 children and 4 adults. J Neurosurg 50:323–329Google Scholar
  2. Armstrong EA, Harwood-Nash DCF, Hoffman H, Fitz CR, Chuang S, Pettersson H (1983) Benign suprasellar cysts: the CT approach. AJNR 4:163–166PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Azar Kia B, Palacios E, Churchill RJ (1977) Diagnosis of sellar and parasellar lesions by CT and other diagnostic modalities. CT 1:249–256Google Scholar
  4. Bamberger C, Rosier J (1980) Examen tomodensitométrique des lésions sellaires et parasellaires. Feuillets de radiologie 20:197–208Google Scholar
  5. Banna M (1976) Arachnoid cysts on computed tomography. AJR 127:979–982PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Banna M, Schatz SW, Molot MJ, Groves J (1976) Primary intrasellar germinoma. Br J Radiol 49:971–973PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Banna M, Baker HL Jr, Houser OW (1980) Pituitary and parapituitary tumours on CT. Br J Radiol 53:1123–1143PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Beal MF, Kleinman GM, Ojemann RG, Hochberg FH (1981) Gangliocytoma of third ventricle: hyperphagia, somnolence and dementia. Neurology 31:1224–1228PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Beardsley TL, Brown SVL, Sydnor CF, Grimson BS, Klintwourth GK (1984) Eleven cases of sarcoidosis of the optic nerve. Ann J Ophthalmol 95:62–77Google Scholar
  10. Bentson JR, Wilson GH, Helmer E, Winter J (1977) CT in intracranial cysticercosis. J Comp Ass Tomog 1:464–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bonneville JF, Dietemann JL (1981) Radiology of the sella turcica. Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Braun IF, Pinto RS, Epstein F (1982) Dense cystic craniopharyngiomas. AJNR 3:139–141PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Brennan TG, Krishna-Rao CNG, Robinson W (1977) Tandem lesions: chromophobe adenoma and meningioma. J Comp Ass Tomog 1:517–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Brooks BS, El Gammal T, Hungerford GD, Acker J, Trevor RP, Rüssel W (1982) Radiologic evaluation of neurosarcoidosis. Role of CT. AJNR 3:513–521PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Burke DP, Gabrielsen TO, Knake JE, Seeger JF, Oberman HA (1980) Radiology of olfactory neuroblastoma. Radiology 137:367–372PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Cabanis E A, Van Effenterre R, Iba-Zizen MT (1979) CT in parasellar space-occupying lesions and therapeutic decision. Acta Neurochirurgica (suppl 28) 28:329–333PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Cabezudo JM, Vaquero J, Garcia de Sola R, Leunda G, Nombela L, Bravo G (1981) CT with craniopharyngiomas: a review. Surg Neurol 15:422–427PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cacciari E, Frejaville E, Cicognani A, Pirazzoli P, Frank G, Balsamo A, Tassinari D, Zappula F, Bergamaschi R, Cristi GF (1983) How many cases of time precocious puberty in girls are idiopathic? J Pediatr 102:357–360PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Carmel PW, Antunes JL, Chang CH (1982) Craniopharyngiomas in children. Neurosurgery 11:382–389PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cashion EL, Young JM (1971) Intraventricular craniopharyngioma. Report of two cases. J Neurosurg 34:84–87PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Chambers AA, Lukin RR, Tomsick TA (1977) Cranial epidermoid tumors: diagnosis by CT. Neurosurgery 1:276–280PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Daniels D, Haughton V, Williams A, Gager W, Berns TF (1980) CT of the optic chiasm. Radiology 137:123–127PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Davis KR, Roberson GH, Taveras JM, New PFJ, Trevor R (1976) Diagnosis of epidermoid tumor by CT. Radiology 119:347–353PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Decker RE, Mardayat M, Marc J, Rasool A (1979) Neurosarcoidosis with CT visualization and transsphenoidal excision of a supra- and intrasellar granuloma: case report. J Neurosurg 50:814–816PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Derome PJ, Jedynak CP, Peillon F (1980) Pituitary adenomas. Biology, physiopathology and treatment. Asclepios Publishers, ParisGoogle Scholar
  26. Diebler C, Ponsot G (1983) Hamartomas of the tuber cinereum. Neuroradiology 25:93–101PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Dietemann JL, Bonneville JF (1985) Radiological Diagnosis of Pituitary Diseases. In: Imura H (ed) The pituitary gland. Raven Press, New York, pp 341–361Google Scholar
  28. Dietemann JL, Balériaux-Waha D, Golabek R, Wackenheim A, Jeanmart L (1979) Aspects tomodensitométriques des kystes épidermoïdes et dermoïdes intra-crâniens. A propos de trois observations. J Radiol 60:265–269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Dietemann JL, Heldt N, Burguet JL, Medjek L, Maitrot D, Wackenheim A (1982) CT findings in malignant meningiomas. Neuroradiology 23:207–209PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Drayer BP, Rosenbaum AE, Kennerdell JS, Robinson AG, Bank WO, Deeb ZL (1977) CT diagnosis of suprasellar masses by intrathecal enhancement. Radiology 123:339–344PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Drayer BP, Rosenbaum AE, Riegel DB, Bank WO, Deeb ZL (1977) Metrizamide CT cisternography: pediatric applications. Radiology 124:349–357PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Duff TA, Levine R (1983) Intrachiasmatic craniopharyngioma. Case report. J Neurosurg 59:176–178PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Dupont MG, Gerard JM, Flament-Durand J, Balériaux-Waha D, Mortelmans LL (1977) Pathognomonic aspects of germinoma on CT scan. Neuroradiology 14:209–211PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Enzmann DR, Norman D, Mani J, Newton TH (1976) CT of granulomatous basal arachnoiditis. Radiology 120:341–344PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Fermaglich J, Kattah J, Manz H (1978) Venous angioma of the optic chiasm. Ann Neurol 4:470–471PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Fitz CR, Wortzman G, Harwood-Nash DC, Holgate RC, Barry JF, Boldt DW (1978) Computed tomography in craniopharyngiomas. Radiology 127:687–691PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Fults D, Kelly DL Jr (1983) A suprasellar atypical teratoma presenting as an intrasellar mass: a case report. Neurosurgery 13:40–43PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Gardeur D, Metzger J (1982) Adénomes hypophysäres intra-sellaires. In: Tomodensitométrie intra-crânienne. Livre V: Pathologie sellaire. Ellipses, Paris, p41Google Scholar
  39. Gardeur D, Nachanakian A, Van Effenterre R, Zamora G, Metzger J (1979) Analyse tomodensitométrique des craniopharyngiomes. J Radiol 60:51–57Google Scholar
  40. Ghoshhajra K (1981) High-resolution metrizamide CT cisternography in sellar and suprasellar abnormalities. J Neurosurg 54:232–239PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Grosvalet A, Ernest C, Diebler C, Sauvegrain J (1981) CT in precocious puberty of central origin. Ann Radiol (Paris) 24:32–38Google Scholar
  42. Gyldensted C, Karle A (1977) CT of intra- and juxtasellar lesions: a radiological study of 108 cases. Neuroradiology 14:5–13PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Hall K, McAllister VL (1980) Metrizamide cisternography in pituitary and juxtapituitary lesions. Radiology 134:101–108PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Hamer J (1979) The radiological diagnosis of parasellar dermoid cysts with special regard to CT scan. Acta Neurochirurgica (suppl 28) 28:321–322PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Handa J, Nakano Y, Heiha A (1977) CT cisternography with intracranial arachnoid cysts. Surg Neurol 8:451–454PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Hatam A, Bergström M, Greitz T (1979) Diagnosis of sellar and parasellar lesions by CT. Neuroradiology 18:249–258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Hoffman HJ, Hendrick EB, Humphreys RP, Armstrong E A (1982) Investigation and management of suprasellar arachnoid cysts. J Neurosurg 57:597–602PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Kammer KS, Perimän K, Humphreys RP, Howard NJ (1980) Clinical and surgical aspects of hypothalamic hamartoma associated with precocious puberty in a 15-month-old boy. Childs Brain 7:150–157PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Kasdon DL, Douglas E A, Brougham MF (1977) Suprasellar arachnoid cyst diagnosed pre-operatively by CT scanning. Surg Neurol 7:299–303PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Kitano I, Yoneda K, Yamakawa Y, Fukoi PH, Kinoshita K (1981) Huge cystic craniopharyngioma with unusual extensions. A case report. Neuroradiology 22:38–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Kokoris N, Rothman LM, Wolintz AH (1980) CT and angiography in the diagnosis of suprasellar mass lesions. Am J Ophthalmol 89:278–283PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Kuuliala I (1980) The normal suprasellar subarachnoid space in CT. Clinical Radiology 31:155–159PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Kuuliala I, Katevuo K, Ketonen L (1981) Metrizamide cisternography with hypoeycloid and CT in sellar and suprasellar lesions. Clin Radiol 32:403–408PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Lanzieri CF, Sabato U, Sacher M (1984) Third ventricular lymphoma: CT findings. J Comp Ass Tomogr 8:645–647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Lee BCP (1979) Intracranial cysts. Radiology 130:667–674PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Lee KF, Lin JR (1979) Neuroradiology of sellar and juxtasellar lesions. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IllGoogle Scholar
  57. Lee SH, Delgado TE, Buchheit WA (1977) Intracranial dermoid tumor: diagnosis by CT; a case report. Neurosurgery 1:281–283PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Leeds NE, Naidich TP (1977) CT in the diagnosis of sellar and parasellar lesions. Semin Roentgenol 12:121–135PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Leo JS, Pinto RS, Hulvat GF, Epstein F, Kricheff II (1979) CT of arachnoid cysts. Radiology 130:675–680PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Lin SR, Bryson MM, Gobien CR, Lee YY (1978) Radiologic findings of hamartomas of the tuber cinereum and hypothalamus. Radiology 127:697–704PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Lundberg PO, Osterman PO, Wide L (1981) Serum prolactin in patients with hypothalamus and pituitary disorders. J Neurosurg 55:194–199PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Maitland CG, Abiko J, Hoyt WF, Wilson CB, Okamura T (1982) Chiasmal apoplexy. J Neurosurg 56:118–122PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Manelfe C, Bonafe A, Fabre P, Pessey JJ (1978) CT in olfactory neuroblastoma: one case of esthesioneuroepithelioma and four cases of esthesioneuroblastoma. J Comp Ass Tomog 2:412–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Marano SR, Sonntag VKH, Speltzier RF (1984) Planum sphenoidale meningioma mimicking pituitary apoplexy: a case report. Neurosurgery 15:859–862PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Matthews FD (1983) Intraventricular craniopharyngioma. AJNR 4:984–985PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Miller JH, Pena AM, Segall HD (1980) Radiological investigation of sellar region masses in children. Radiology 134:81–87PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Mori K, Handa H, Takeuchi J, Hanakita J, Nakano Y (1981) Hypothalamic hamartoma. J Comp Ass Tomog 5:519–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Moseley IF, Sanders MD (1982) Computerized tomography in neuro-ophthalmology. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  69. Murali R, Epstein F (1979) Diagnosis and treatment of suprasellar arachnoid cyst. Report of 3 cases. J Neurosurg 50:515–518PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Naidich TP, Pinto RS, Kushner MJ, Lin JP, Kricheff II, Leeds NE, Chase NE (1976) Evaluation of sellar and parasellar masses by computed tomography. Radiology 120:91–99PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Nakstad PHJ, Skalpe IO (1981) CT in the evaluation of the supraclinoid arteries in suprasellar pituitary gland tumors. Acta Radiol (Diagn) 22:399–402Google Scholar
  72. Numaguchi Y, Kishikawa T, Ikeda J, Fukui M, Kitamura K, Tsukamsto Y, Masuo K, Maatsuura K (1981) Neuroradiological manifestations of suprasellar pituitary adenomas, meningomas and craniopharyngiomas. Neuroradiology 21:67–74PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Ozanne P, Jedynak CP, Charbonnel B, Derome PJ (1982) Metastases hypophysäres et hypothalamiques. Etude anatomo-clinique de 5 observations. Ann Med Int 133:92–96Google Scholar
  74. Peyster RG, Hoover ED (1984) CT of the abnormal pituitary stalk. AJNR 5:49–52PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Peyster RG, Hoover ED (1984) Computerized tomography in orbital disease and neuro-ophthalmology. Year Book Medical Publishers, Chicago, LondonGoogle Scholar
  76. Post JD (1981) La tomodensitométrie de l’orbite et de la région juxtasellaire chez l’enfant. J Neuroradiology 8:171–194Google Scholar
  77. Raymond LA, Tew J (1978) Large suprasellar aneurysms imitating pituitary tumour. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 41:83–87PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Roski RA, Gardner JH, Spetzler RF (1981) Intrachiasmatic arteriovenous malformation. J Neurosurg 54:540–541PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Salcman M (1979) Correlation of absorption coefficients with intracranial fluid protein concentrations and specific gravities. Neurosurgery 5:16–20PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Sarwar M (1979) Primary sellar-parasellar esthesioneuroblastoma. AJR 133:140–141PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. Sato M, Ushio Y, Arita N, Mogami H (1985) Hypothalamic hamartoma: report of two cases. Neurosurgery 16:198–206PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Savoiardo M, Harwood-Nash DC, Tadmor R, Seotti G, Musgrave MA (1981) Gliomas of the intracranial anterior optic pathways in children. Radiology 138:601–610PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Schubiger O, Valavanis A, Gessagaga E (1983) Dense supra-sellar epidermoid cyst. A case report. Neuroradiology 24:269–271PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Shen DY, Guay AT, Silverman ML, Hybels RL, Freidberg SR (1984) Primary intrasellar germinoma in a woman presenting with secondary amenorrhea and hyperprolactinemia. Neurosurgery 15:417–429PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Strand RD, Baker RA, Ordia IJ (1978) Metrizamide ventriculography and CT in lesions about the third ventricle. Radiology 128:405–410PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Strother CM, Sackett JF, Appen RE (1977) Anatomic considerations for CT of the optic chiasm. Arch Neurol 34:713–714PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Stuart CA, Neelon FA, Lebovitz HE (1978) Hypothalamic insufficiency: the cause of hypopituitarism in sarcoidosis. Ann Intern Med 88:589–594PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Takeuchi J, Handa H, Otsuka S, Takebe Y (1979) Neuroradiological aspects of suprasellar germinomas. Neuroradiology 17:153–159PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Taveras JM, Wood EH (1976) Diagnostic neuroradiology. 2nd Ed Williams and Wilkins, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  90. Taylor S (1982) High resolution computed tomography of the sella. Radiologic clinics of North America 20:207–236PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Vignaud J, Aubin ML, Bories J (1979) Apport de la tomodensitométrie à l’exploration de la région sellaire et supra-sellaire. Rev Neurol 135:41–50PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Visot A, Rougerie J, Derome PJ (1980) Gliomes optochiasmatiques. Neurochirurgie 26:181–192PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Volpe BT, Foley KM, Howieson J (1978) Normal CT scans in craniopharyngioma. Ann Neurol 3:87–89PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Wiggli U, Benz UF (1978) Normal CT anatomy of the suprasellar subarachnoid space. Radiology 128:65–70PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Wiggli U, Benz UF, Müller HR (1977) Chiasmasyndrome — computertomographische Diagnostik. Klin Mbl Augenheilk 170:290–296PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Wirt TC, Hester RW (1978) Suprasellar arachnoid cysts. Surg Neurol 9:322PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Wolpert SM, Scott RM (1981) Value of metrizamide CT cisternography in the management of cerebral arachnoid cysts. AJNR 2:29–36PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-François Bonneville
    • 1
  • Françoise Cattin
    • 1
  • Jean-Louis Dietemann
    • 2
  1. 1.Département de NeuroradiologieCentre Hospitalier et Universitaire de BesançonBesançonFrance
  2. 2.Centre Hospitalier Régional, Service de RadiologieHospices Civils de StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance

Personalised recommendations