Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure and Hematocrit on Blood Flow and Filtration Rate
Arterial pressure and hematocrit are the practically important determinants of blood flow through capillaries [2, 3, 6, 7]. The following figures (except Fig. 5) demonstrate results of studies on the blood flow and filtration rate studied under in vivo conditions (37 °C) ; oxygen and glucose substituted blood ; pulsatile blood flow with Harvard-pump driven membrane heart  in relation to blood pressure, negative filtration pressure, hematocrit, use of three-way valves in the extracorporeal tubing system and in relation to postdilution . The Amicon continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH) set (1983) including diafilter-20 (0.2 m2) and the eight Charr-Vygon vascular catheters were used for the artificial circulation. Systolic, diastolic, and venous back flow pressure as well as the flow and pressure profiles were comparable to in vivo conditions.
KeywordsFiltration Rate Hydrostatic Pressure Blood Viscosity Blood Flow Rate Filtration Fraction
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