Temporal Order pp 179-190 | Cite as

Dynamic Coupling and Time Patterns in Biochemical Processes

  • Benno Hess
  • Mario Markus
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN, volume 29)


Biological systems are characterized by elaborate catalytic reaction networks, which are organized in time and space. In order to understand these systems, biochemists have isolated subsets of the reaction networks, and studied them in detail as homogeneous open chemical systems. The simplest and most intuitive dynamic behaviour that an open system can display is a stationary state. However, due to the non-linearity of the processes involved, phenomena may appear which are unexpected by intuition. Thus, a paradigm was broken when observations of self-sustained oscillations were reported in chemical [1] and biochemical [2,3] systems (for reviews see [4,5]). A second counterintuitive phenomenon appeared with the observation of chaotic oscillations in a chemical system [6] and in a single-enzyme system [7].


Chaotic Attractor Chaotic Oscillation Time Pattern Periodic Attractor Input Flux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benno Hess
    • 1
  • Mario Markus
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für ErnährungsphysiologieDortmund 1Fed. Rep. of Germany

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