• Peter Lambropoulos
  • S. J. Smith
Part of the Springer Series on Atoms+Plasmas book series (SSAOPP, volume 2)


Multiphoton transitions are found whenever electrons bound in atoms or molecules interact with sufficiently intense electromagnetic radiation. Multiphoton ionization is the ultimate outcome of multiphoton transitions provided the radiation is reasonably intense, which we will take to mean about 106 W/cm2, or more, at optical frequencies. With intense sources and interaction times of the order of a nanosecond or more, ionization may be expected for atomic, and dissociation with varying degrees of ionization for molecular gases. For still higher intensities (about 1013–1014 W/cm2), ionization of anything in the interaction region can be predicted with certainty.


Multiphoton Ionization Multiphoton Process Multiphoton Excitation Rabi Splitting Multiphoton Transition 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Lambropoulos
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. J. Smith
    • 3
  1. 1.University of CreteIraklion, CreteGreece
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.JILAUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA

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