Natural History and Evolution of Learning in Nonhuman Mammals
Traditional comparative psychological approaches to the evolution of learning are inadequate for dealing with a broadly based natural history of learning. An approach based on and integrated with other areas of behavioral ecology is outlined. Learning is viewed as the set of ways of solving ecological problems requiring that the individual adjust its behavior to the details of its own environment. Among nonhuman mammals there is a great deal of variation in the nature and amount of learning that different species’ life-styles require.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- (1).Beck, B. 1980. Animal Tool Behavior. New York: Garland.Google Scholar
- (3).Daly, M.; Rauschenberger, J.; and Behrends, P. 1980. Food-aversion learning in kangaroo rats: a specialist-generalist comparison. Anim. Learn. Behay. 10: 314–320.Google Scholar
- (4).Domjan, M., and Galef, B.G. 1983. Biological constraints on instrumental and classical conditioning: retrospect and prospect. Anim. Learn. Behay. 11: 151–161.Google Scholar
- (5).Eisenberg, J.F. 1981. The Mammalian Radiations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- (6).Fagen, R. 1981. Animal Play Behavior. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- (7).Fagen, R. 1982. Evolutionary issues in development of behavioral flexibility. Perspect. Ethol. 5: 365–383.Google Scholar
- (9).Jerison, H.J. 1973. Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- (11).Johnston, T.D. 1982. Selective costs and benefits in the evolution of learning. Adv. Stud. Behay. 12: 65–106.Google Scholar
- (12).Macphail, E. 1982. Brain and Intelligence in Vertebrates. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
- (13).Plotkin, H.C., and Odling-Smee, F.J. 1979. Learning, change, and evolution: an enquiry into the teleonomy of learning. Adv. Stud. Behay. 10: 1–41.Google Scholar
- Rozin, P. 1976. The evolution of intelligence and access to the cognitive unconscious. Progr. Psychobiol. Physiol. Psych. 6: 245–280.Google Scholar
- (16).Shettleworth, S.J. 1983. Function and mechanism in learning. In Advances in Analysis of Behavior, eds. M.D. Zeiler and P. Harzem, vol. 3, pp. 1–39. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
- (17).Shettleworth, S.J. 1984. Learning and behavioral ecology. In Behavioral Ecology, eds. J.R. Krebs and N.B. Davies, pp. 170–194. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific.Google Scholar