Injuries of the shoulder region are relatively seldom compared to lesions of the lower extremities. However a rapid correct diagnosis is essential to prevent a painful shoulder syndrom or a long-lasting functional disability. The causes and diagnostic findings of direct and indirect injuries in athletes, especially the mechanisms of anterior and posterior dislocations of the glenohumeral joint are described. The importance of the subscapularis and infraspinatus muscles for the dynamic stability of the glenohumeral joint is brought out. Secondary changes in the glenoid cavity, head of the humerus and rotatory cuff are explained.

Chronic shoulder pain is due to repeated strain associated with specific sports activity and injuries not properly healed. Frequent diseases such as tendinitis of muscles and bursitis are described, especially in their relation to age and intensity of strain.

Shoulder Region Injury and Damage from Sports


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Kneer
  • J. Eulert

There are no affiliations available

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