A review of the most important symptoms and causes of overtraining is given. Exemplary cases of overtraining triggered by incorrect training are presented. Moreover, the reduced mobilization of glycolytic energy in a state of overtraining is briefly discussed. It is indicated that in the case of suspected overtraining, reduced maximal.lactate concentration can be a helpful differential diagnostic parameter. Regular controls of urea in blood serum under standardized conditions are suitable to prevent overtraining.

Overtraining, Symptoms and Causes


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Berg A (1977) Die aktuelle Belastbarkeit — Versuch ihrer Beurteilung anhand von Stoffwechselgrößen. Leistungssport 7:420Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dickson DN, Wilkinson RL, Noakes TD (1982) Effects of ultra-marathon training and racing on hematologic parameters and serum ferritin levels in well-trained athletes. Int J Sports Med 3:111PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Euler US von, Hellner S (1952) Excretion of noradrenaline and adrenaline in muscular work. Acta Physiol Scand 26:183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Israel S (1958) Die Erscheinungsformen des Übertrainings. Sportmedizin 9:207Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Israel S (1976) Zur Problematik des Übertrainings aus internistischer und leistungsphysiologischer Sicht. Med Sport 16:1Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kindermann W, Salas-Fraire O, Sroka G, Müller U (1983) Serumenzymverhalten nach körperlicher Belastung — Abgrenzung von krankheitsbedingten Veränderungen. Herz Kreislauf 15:117Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kindermann W, Schnabel A, Schmitt WM, Biro G, Cassens J, Weber F (1982) Catecholamines, growth hormone, Cortisol, insulin, and sex hormones in anaerobic and aerobic exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol 49:389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kindermann W, Simon G, Keul J (1979) The significance of the aerobic-anaerobic transition for the determination of work load intensities during endurance training. Eur J Appl Physiol 42:25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mader A, Liesen H, Heck H, Phillipi H, Rost R, Schürch P, Hollmann W (1976) Zur Beurteilung der sportartspezifischen Ausdauerleistungsfähigkeit im Labor. Sportarzt Sportmed 27:80, 112Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Stegmann H, Kindermann W, Schnabel A (1981) Lactate kinetics and individual anaerobic threshold. Int J Sports Med 2:160PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Kindermann

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations