Leistungsphysiologische Effekte eines Sportförderzugs
Thirty-four intermediate school pupils (17 boys, 17 girls) in a special physical education program, who had distinguished themselves by doing well athletically during “Youth Trains for Olympia„ competitions, were studied over a two-year period. At the time of the first examination, the 13-year-olds training program consisted of 5 to 6 training units/week for a total of 10 hours. This increased to almost 7 units and 13 hours by the second and third examination. The maximal Watt load achieved increased only during the first year. The maximum oxygen uptake and pwc170 did not change significantly, while the anaerobic capacity rose during the entire two-year period. If the total group was divided into subgroups based on extent of training, the subgroup with a larger volume of training showed an increase in maximal oxygen uptake and to some extent in anaerobic capacity.
These sobering results in regard to the considerable expenditure of training allow the conclusion that in the heterogeneous palette of sports offered by the school, the discipline-specific effects from taylored training programs dominated. These effects were not quantifiable with standard ergometry, and basic endurance training was not taken significantly into consideration in discipline-specific training.
Physiological Effects on Performance from a Special Physical Education Program
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