Advertisement

Photometrie, Fluorimetrie und Chemiluminometrie

  • Othmar G. Koch
  • W. Fresenius

Zusammenfassung

Trotz der — schon in der Einleitung (s. S. 1) erwähnten — starken Veränderungen bei den angewandten Analysenmethoden während der letzten Jahrzehnte und der Entwicklung zur instrumentellen Analytik und Automation ist die Photometrie neben der AAS wohl die immer noch am häufigsten verwendete Analysenmethode. Die Photometrie weist zwar im Vergleich zur instrumenteilen Analytik einen höheren Zeit- und Arbeitsaufwand auf, doch hat sie dafür gegenüber letzterer den Vorteil wesentlich geringerer Kosten der apparativen Einrichtung und des Betriebes. Ihre weiteren Vorteile sind die einfache Durchführung der Analysen und die vielseitige und flexible Anwendungsmöglichkeit, soferne dazu die ausreichenden Kenntnisse und Informationen vorliegen. Die Photometrie ist daher vor allem für mittlere und kleine Laboratorien von großer Bedeutung, doch auch in gut ausgerüsteten, großen Laboratorien wird sie nach wie vor für Sonderprobleme oder fallweise außerhalb des üblichen Arbeitsprogrammes liegende Analysen eingesetzt.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    Snell FD, Snell CT, Colorimetric methods of analysis, Voll, II. Van Nostrand, New York (1948, 1949)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Snell FD, Snell CT, Snell CA, Colorimetric methods of analysis, Vol IIA. Van Nostrand, New York (1959)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Snell FD, Photometric and fluorometric methods of analysis — metals. Wiley, New York (1978)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Snell FD, Photometric and fluorometric methods of analysis — nonmetals. Wiley, New York (1981)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sandell EB, Onishi H, Photometric determination of traces of metals. General aspects. Wiley, New York (1978)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Koch OG, Koch-Dedic GA, Handbuch der Spurenanalyse. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York (1974)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chariot G, Dosages absorptiométriques des éléments minéreaux. Masson, Paris (1978)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marczenko Z, Spectrophotometric determination of elements. Horwood, Chichester (1976)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pinta M, Recherche et dosage des éléments traces. Dunod, Paris (1962)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sandell EB, Colorimetric determination of traces of metals. Interscience, New York (1959)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Winefordner JD, Trace analysis. Spectroscopic methods for elements. Wiley, New York (1976)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Reeves RD, Brooks RR, Trace element analysis of geological materials. Wiley, New York (1978)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Burgess C, Knowles A, Standards in absorption spectrometry. Techniques in visible and ultraviolet spectrometry. Chapman and Hall-Methuen, London (1981)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kragten J, Atlas of metal-ligand equilibria in aqueous solution. Horwood, Chichester (1978)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Holzbecher Z, Diviš L, Kral M, Šucha L, Vlačil F, Handbook of organic reagents in inorganic analysis. Horwood, Chichester (1976)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Burger K, Organic reagents in metal analysis. Pergamon, Oxford (1973)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Thorn GD, Ludwig RA, The dithiocarbamates and related compounds. Elsevier, Amsterdam (1962)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Johnson WC, Organic reagents for metals, Vol 1, 2. Hopkin & Williams, Chadwell Heath-Essex (1955, 1964)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hollingshead RGW, Oxine and its derivatives, Vol I–IV. Butterworths, London (1954, 1956)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Schulman SG, Fluorescence and phosphorescence spectroscopy. Pergamon, Oxford (1977)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Miller JN, Standards in fluorescence spectrometry. Chapman and Hall, New York (1981)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wehry EL, Modern fluorescence spectroscopy, Vol 3, 4. Plenum, New York (1981)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mellon MG, Anal Chem 21 (1949) 3Google Scholar
  24. 23a.
    Mellon MG, Anal Chem 22 (1950) 2Google Scholar
  25. 23b.
    Mellon MG, Anal Chem 23 (1951) 2Google Scholar
  26. 23c.
    Mellon MG, Anal Chem 24 (1952) 2Google Scholar
  27. 23d.
    Mellon MG, Anal Chem 26 (1954) 2Google Scholar
  28. 24.
    Mellon MG, Boltz DF, Anal Chem 28 (1956) 559Google Scholar
  29. 24.
    Mellon MG, Boltz DF, Anal Chem 30 (1958) 554Google Scholar
  30. 24.
    Mellon MG, Boltz DF, Anal Chem 32 (1960) 194RGoogle Scholar
  31. 24.
    Mellon MG, Boltz DF, Anal Chem 34 (1962) 232RGoogle Scholar
  32. 25.
    Hirt RC, Anal Chem 28 (1956) 579Google Scholar
  33. 25a.
    Hirt RC, Anal Chem 30 (1958) 589Google Scholar
  34. 25b.
    Hirt RC, Anal Chem 32 (1960) 225RGoogle Scholar
  35. 26.
    Svehla G, Talanta 13 (1966) 641Google Scholar
  36. 27.
    Boltz DF, Mellon MG, Anal Chem 36 (1964) 256RGoogle Scholar
  37. 27a.
    Boltz DF, Mellon MG, Anal Chem 38 (1966) 317RGoogle Scholar
  38. 27b.
    Boltz DF, Mellon MG, Anal Chem 40 (1968) 255RGoogle Scholar
  39. 27c.
    Boltz DF, Mellon MG, Anal Chem 42 (1970) 152RGoogle Scholar
  40. 27d.
    Boltz DF, Mellon MG, Anal Chem 44 (1972) 300RGoogle Scholar
  41. 27e.
    Boltz DF, Mellon MG, Anal Chem 46 (1974) 227RGoogle Scholar
  42. 27f.
    Boltz DF, Mellon MG, Anal Chem 48 (1976) 216RGoogle Scholar
  43. 28.
    Howell JA, Hargis LG, Anal Chem 50 (1978) 243RGoogle Scholar
  44. 28a.
    Howell JA, Hargis LG, Anal Chem 54 (1982) 171RGoogle Scholar
  45. 29.
    Hargis LG, Howell JA, Anal Chem 52 (1980) 306RGoogle Scholar
  46. 30.
    White CE, Anal Chem 26 (1954) 129Google Scholar
  47. 30a.
    White CE, Anal Chem 28 (1956) 621Google Scholar
  48. 30b.
    White CE, Anal Chem 30 (1958) 729Google Scholar
  49. 30c.
    White CE, Anal Chem 32 (1960) 47RGoogle Scholar
  50. 30d.
    White CE, Anal Chem 42 (1970) 57RGoogle Scholar
  51. 31.
    White CE, Weissler A, Anal Chem 34 (1962) 81RGoogle Scholar
  52. 31a.
    White CE, Weissler A 36 (1964) 116RGoogle Scholar
  53. 31b.
    White CE, Weissler A 38 (1966) 155RGoogle Scholar
  54. 31c.
    White CE, Weissler A 40 (1968) 116RGoogle Scholar
  55. 31d.
    White CE, Weissler A 44 (1972) 182RGoogle Scholar
  56. 32e.
    Parker CA, Rees WT, Analyst 87 (1962) 83Google Scholar
  57. 33f.
    Browner RF, Analyst 99 (1974) 617Google Scholar
  58. 34.
    Isacsson U, Wettermark G, Anal Chim Acta 68 (1974) 339Google Scholar
  59. 35.
    Weissler A, Anal Chem 46 (1974) 500RGoogle Scholar
  60. 36.
    O’Donnell CM, Solie TN, Anal Chem 48 (1976) 175RGoogle Scholar
  61. 36a.
    O’Donnell CM, Solie TN, Anal Chem 50 (1978) 189RGoogle Scholar
  62. 37.
    Wehry LE, Anal Chem 52 (1980) 75RGoogle Scholar
  63. 37a.
    Wehry LE, Anal Chem 54 (1982) 131RGoogle Scholar
  64. 38.
    Haddad PR, Talanta 24 (1977) 1Google Scholar
  65. 39.
    Gleu K, Schwab R, Angew Chem 62 (1950) 320Google Scholar
  66. 40.
    Specker H, Hartkamp H, Kuchtner M, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 143 (1954) 425Google Scholar
  67. 40a.
    Wyatt PF, Analyst 78 (1953) 656Google Scholar
  68. 40b.
    Malissa H, Miller FF, Mikrochem verein Mikrochim Acta 40 (1953) 63Google Scholar
  69. 40c.
    Specker H, Arch Eisenhüttenwes 26 (1955) 267Google Scholar
  70. 41.
    Pijck J, Hoste J, Anal Chim Acta 26 (1962) 501Google Scholar
  71. 42.
    Meyer S, Koch OG, Mikrochim Acta (1959) 720Google Scholar
  72. 43.
    Eckert G, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 148 (1955) 14Google Scholar
  73. 44.
    Meyer S, Koch OG, Mikrochim Acta (1958) 744Google Scholar
  74. 45.
    Bode H, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 143 (1954) 182Google Scholar
  75. 46.
    Bode H, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 144 (1955) 165Google Scholar
  76. 47.
    Clinch J, Guy MJ, Analyst 83 (1958) 429Google Scholar
  77. 48.
    Dittel F, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 228 (1967) 412Google Scholar
  78. 49.
    Specker H, Kuchtner M, Hartkamp H, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 142 (1954) 166Google Scholar
  79. 50.
    Meyer S, Koch OG, Arch Eisenhüttenwes 31 (1960) 651Google Scholar
  80. 51.
    Denigès G, Compt Rend Acad Sci Paris 194 (1932) 895Google Scholar
  81. 52.
    Okač A, Bartušek M, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 178 (1960) 198Google Scholar
  82. 53.
    Marczenko Z, Chem Anal (Warszawa) 6 (1961) 477Google Scholar
  83. 54.
    Marczenko Z, Bull Soc Chim France 31 (1964) 939Google Scholar
  84. 55.
    Marczenko Z, Anal Chim Acta 31 (1964) 224Google Scholar
  85. 56.
    Gottlieb A, Hecht F, Mikrochim Acta 35 (1950) 337Google Scholar
  86. 57.
    Sideris CP, Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 9 (1937) 445Google Scholar
  87. 58.
    Wagenaar GH, Pharmac Weekbl 75 (1938) 641Google Scholar
  88. 59.
    Wiese AC, Johnson BC, J biol Chem 127 (1939) 203Google Scholar
  89. 60.
    Sideris CP, Anal Chem 12 (1940) 307Google Scholar
  90. 61.
    Waldbauer L, Ward NM, Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 14 (1942) 727Google Scholar
  91. 62.
    Kniphorst LCE, Chem Weekbl 42 (1946) 328Google Scholar
  92. 63.
    Bradfield EG, Analyst 82 (1957) 254Google Scholar
  93. 64.
    Hamlin AG, J Textile Inst 47 (1956) T445Google Scholar
  94. 65.
    Britt Jr RD, Anal Chem 34 (1962) 1728Google Scholar
  95. 66.
    Korkisch J, Hübner H, Mikrochim Acta (1976 I) 25Google Scholar
  96. 67.
    Goto K, Komatsu T, Furukawa T, Anal Chim Acta 27 (1962) 331Google Scholar
  97. 68.
    Gates EM, Ellis GH, J biol Chem 168 (1947) 537Google Scholar
  98. 69.
    Yuen SH, Analyst 83 (1958) 350Google Scholar
  99. 70.
    Perscheid M, Ballschmiter K, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 258 (1972) 15Google Scholar
  100. 71.
    Schwarz G, Fischer O, Hagemann B, Dtsch Molkerei-Ztg 64 (1943) 143Google Scholar
  101. 72.
    Fernandez AA, Sobel C, Jacobs SL, Anal Chem 35 (1963) 1721Google Scholar
  102. 73.
    Morsches B, Tölg G, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 250 (1970) 81Google Scholar
  103. 74.
    Mottola HA, Harrison CR, Talanta 18 (1971) 683Google Scholar
  104. 75.
    Weisz H, Rothmaier K, Anal Chim Acta 80 (1975) 351Google Scholar
  105. 76.
    Fukasawa T, Yamane T, Japan Analyst 22 (1973) 168Google Scholar
  106. 77.
    Fukasawa T, Yamane T, Yamasaki T, Japan Analyst 22 (1973) 280Google Scholar
  107. 78.
    Fukasawa T, Yamane T, Japan Analyst 24 (1975) 120Google Scholar
  108. 79.
    Fukasawa T, Yamane T, Yamasaki T, Japan Analyst 26 (1977) 200Google Scholar
  109. 80.
    Richardson ML, Analyst 87 (1962) 435Google Scholar
  110. 81.
    Goto H, Kakita Y, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 254 (1971) 18Google Scholar
  111. 82.
    Tribalat S, Beydon J, Anal Chim Acta 6 (1952) 96Google Scholar
  112. 83.
    Matuszek Jr JM, Sugihara TT, Anal Chem 33 (1961) 35Google Scholar
  113. 84.
    Strickland JDH, Spicer G, Anal Chim Acta 3 (1949) 517Google Scholar
  114. 85.
    Hamya JW, Townshend A, Talanta 19 (1972) 141Google Scholar
  115. 86.
    Mehlig JP, Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 11 (1939) 274Google Scholar
  116. 87.
    Abbey S, Anal Chem 20 (1948) 630Google Scholar
  117. 88.
    Pieters HAJ, Hanssen WJ, Geurts JJ, Anal Chim Acta 2 (1948) 377Google Scholar
  118. 89.
    Waterbury GR, Hayes AM, Martin Jr DS, J Am chem Soc 74 (1952) 15Google Scholar
  119. 90.
    Hecht F, Gottlieb A, Mikrochem verein Mikrochim Acta 35 (1950) 329Google Scholar
  120. 91.
    High JH, Analyst 68 (1943) 368Google Scholar
  121. 92.
    Richards MB, Analyst 55 (1930) 554Google Scholar
  122. 93.
    Smith GW, Anal Chem 20 (1948) 1085Google Scholar
  123. 94.
    Nydahl F, Anal Chim Acta 3 (1949) 144Google Scholar
  124. 95.
    Hough GJ, Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 7 (1935) 408Google Scholar
  125. 96.
    Corbett JA, Analyst 75 (1950) 475Google Scholar
  126. 97.
    Thompson TG, Wilson TL, J Am chem Soc 57 (1935) 233Google Scholar
  127. 98.
    Cook JW, Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 13 (1941) 48Google Scholar
  128. 99.
    Williams D, Andes RV, Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 17 (1945) 28Google Scholar
  129. 100.
    Cooper MD, Anal Chem 25 (1953) 411Google Scholar
  130. 101.
    Pinkus A, Ramakers L, Bull Soc chim Belg 41 (1932) 529Google Scholar
  131. 102.
    Bendig M, Hirschmüller H, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 92 (1933) 1Google Scholar
  132. 103.
    Dozinel CM, Chimia 4 (1949) 86Google Scholar
  133. 104.
    Kimura K, Murakami Y, Mikrochem verein Mikrochim Acta 36/37 (1951) 727Google Scholar
  134. 105.
    Boyd JR, Anal Chem 24 (1952) 805Google Scholar
  135. 106.
    Hackl O, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 105 (1936) 81Google Scholar
  136. 107.
    Hackl O, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 105 (1936) 182Google Scholar
  137. 108.
    Hackl O, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 110 (1937) 401Google Scholar
  138. 109.
    Oelschläger W, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 144 (1955) 27Google Scholar
  139. 110.
    Gottschalk G, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 212 (1965) 303Google Scholar
  140. 111.
    Davis HC, Bacon A, J Soc chem Ind 67 (1948) 316Google Scholar
  141. 112.
    Silverthorne KW, Curtis JA, Metals and Alloys 15 (1942) 2Google Scholar
  142. 113.
    Dozinel CM, Ing Chimiste 173 (1948) 83Google Scholar
  143. 114.
    Pinsl H, Die neue Giesserei (1949) 380Google Scholar
  144. 115.
    Boeltz G, Wiedmann H, Kurella W, Metall 17/18 (1956) 821Google Scholar
  145. 116.
    Lingane JJ, Collat JW, Anal Chem 22 (1950) 166Google Scholar
  146. 117.
    Jean M, Anal Chim Acta 6 (1952) 157Google Scholar
  147. 118.
    Schurk H, Konopik N, Österr Chemiker-Ztg 51 (1950) 63Google Scholar
  148. 119.
    Pribil R, Hornchova E, Chem Listy 44 (1950) 101Google Scholar
  149. 120.
    Gustin VK, Sweet TR, Anal Chem 36 (1964) 1674Google Scholar
  150. 121.
    Müller RH, Mehlig JP, Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 7 (1935) 361Google Scholar
  151. 122.
    Mehlig JP, Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 7 (1935) 27Google Scholar
  152. 123.
    Murakami Y, Bull chem Soc Japan 22 (1949) 157Google Scholar
  153. 124.
    Gopala Rao G, Murty KS, Krishna Rao PV, Talanta 11 (1964) 955Google Scholar
  154. 125.
    Appelman EH, Malm JG, J Amer Chem Soc 86 (1964) 2141Google Scholar
  155. 126.
    Bane RW, Analyst 90 (1965) 756Google Scholar
  156. 127.
    Bane RW, Analyst 95 (1970) 722Google Scholar
  157. 128.
    Lange B, Schusterius C, Z physik Chem A159 (1932) 295Google Scholar
  158. 129.
    Mehlig JP, Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 13 (1941) 819Google Scholar
  159. 130.
    Young IG, Hiskey CF, Anal Chem 23 (1951) 506Google Scholar
  160. 131.
    Rowland Jr GP, Ind Eng Chem Anal Ed 11 (1939) 442Google Scholar
  161. 132.
    Lacroix S, Labalade M, Anal Chim Acta 3 (1949) 262Google Scholar
  162. 133.
    Nordling WD, Chemist-Analyst 51 (1962) 14Google Scholar
  163. 134.
    Hermann TS, Anal Chim Acta 31 (1964) 284Google Scholar
  164. 135.
    Naidu PP, Gopala Rao G, Talanta 17 (1970) 817Google Scholar
  165. 136.
    Christie AA, Kerr JRW, Knowles G, Lowden GF, Analyst 82 (1957) 336Google Scholar
  166. 137.
    Steinke ED, Jones RA, Brandt M, Anal Chem 33 (1961) 101Google Scholar
  167. 138.
    Milner GWC, Nall WR, Anal Chim Acta 6 (1952) 420Google Scholar
  168. 139.
    Gaunt JA, Diehl H, Talanta 19 (1972) 1Google Scholar
  169. 140.
    Chemikerausschuß des Vereins Deutscher Eisenhüttenleute, Handbuch für das Eisenhüttenlaboratorium Bd 1, 2. Verlag Stahleisen, Düsseldorf (1960, 1966)Google Scholar
  170. 141.
    Euronorm 70–71Google Scholar
  171. 142.
    Meyer S, Koch OG, Mikrochim Acta (1964) 216Google Scholar
  172. 143.
    ASTM Methods for chemical analysis of metals, E 62 – 57. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia (1960)Google Scholar
  173. 144.
    Riley JP, Anal Chim Acta 19 (1958) 413Google Scholar
  174. 145.
    Neuberger A, Schöffmann E, Herkenhoff K, Arch Eisenhüttenwes 29 (1958) 547Google Scholar
  175. 146.
    Neuberger A, Schöffmann E, Herkenhoff K, Arch Eisenhüttenwes 29 (1958) 35Google Scholar
  176. 147.
    Funke A, Laukner HJ, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 249 (1970) 26Google Scholar
  177. 148.
    Bush GH, Higgs DG, Box FW, Analyst 80 (1955) 885Google Scholar
  178. 149.
    Akaiwa H, Kawamoto H, Anal Chim Acta 40 (1968) 407Google Scholar
  179. 150.
    Marczenko Z, Mojski M, Anal Chim Acta 54 (1971) 469Google Scholar
  180. 151.
    Hartkamp H, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 199 (1964) 183Google Scholar
  181. 152.
    Goto K, Taguchi S, Fukue Y, Ohta K, Watanabe H, Talanta 24 (1977) 752Google Scholar
  182. 153.
    Betteridge D, Fernando Qu, Freiser H, Anal Chem 35 (1963) 294Google Scholar
  183. 154.
    Shibata S, Anal Chim Acta 23 (1960) 367Google Scholar
  184. 155.
    Shibata S, Anal Chim Acta 25 (1961) 348Google Scholar
  185. 156.
    Ahrland S, Herman RG, Anal Chem 47 (1975) 2422Google Scholar
  186. 157.
    Nonova D, Evtimova B, Talanta 20 (1973) 1347Google Scholar
  187. 158.
    Gaokar UG, Eshwar MC, Mikrochim Acta (1982 II) 247Google Scholar
  188. 159.
    Miller DO, Yoe JH, Talanta 7 (1960) 107Google Scholar
  189. 160.
    Ishii H, Koh H, Satoh K, Anal Chim Acta 136 (1982) 347Google Scholar
  190. 161.
    Hashmi, MH, Qureshi T, Chughtai FR, Saeed M, Mikrochim Acta (1969) 782Google Scholar
  191. 162.
    Murty NK, Rao YP, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 282 (1976) 141Google Scholar
  192. 163.
    Abd El Raheem AA, El Sabban MZ, Dokhana MM, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 188 (1962) 96Google Scholar
  193. 164.
    Pike L, Yoe JH, Anal Chim Acta 31 (1964) 318Google Scholar
  194. 165.
    Matsui H, Anal Chim Acta 69 (1974) 216Google Scholar
  195. 166.
    De AK, Rahaman MDS, Anal Chem 35 (1963) 159Google Scholar
  196. 167.
    Onishi H, Toita Y, Talanta 11 (1964) 1357Google Scholar
  197. 168.
    Solanke KR, Khopkar SM, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 275 (1975) 286Google Scholar
  198. 169.
    Chikuma M, Nakaya Y, Yokoyama A, Maitani T, Tanaka H, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 300 (1980) 414Google Scholar
  199. 170.
    Bermejo F, Brañas G, Mikrochim Acta (1971) 489Google Scholar
  200. 171.
    Sasaki Y, Anal Chim Acta 138 (1982) 419Google Scholar
  201. 172.
    Ayres GH, Baird SS, Talanta 7 (1961) 237Google Scholar
  202. 173.
    Gottschalk G, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 211 (1965) 344Google Scholar
  203. 174.
    Knoeck J, Diehl H, Talanta 14 (1967) 1083Google Scholar
  204. 175.
    Rao PK, Chowdhury GS, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 246 (1969) 19Google Scholar
  205. 176.
    Purdy WC, Hume DN, Anal Chem 27 (1955) 256Google Scholar
  206. 177.
    Nikolelis DP, Hadjiioannou TP, Analyst 102 (1977) 591Google Scholar
  207. 178.
    Dittel F, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 229 (1967) 193Google Scholar
  208. 179.
    Maly J, Fadrus H, Analyst 99 (1974) 128Google Scholar
  209. 180.
    Flaschka HA, Hornstein JV, Anal Chim Acta 100 (1978) 469Google Scholar
  210. 181.
    Nightingale Jr ER, Anal Chem 31 (1959) 146Google Scholar
  211. 182.
    Sekheta MA, Milovanović GA, Janjic TJ, Mikrochim Acta (1978 I) 297Google Scholar
  212. 183.
    Abe S, Takahashi K, Matsuo T, Anal Chim Acta 80 (1975) 135Google Scholar
  213. 184.
    Janjic TJ, Milovanović GA, Celap MB, Anal Chem 42 (1970) 27Google Scholar
  214. 185.
    Yamane T, Fukasawa T, Japan Analyst 26 (1977) 300Google Scholar
  215. 186.
    Pérez-Bendito D, Valcarcel M, Ternero M, Pino F, Anal chim Acta 94 (1977) 405Google Scholar
  216. 187.
    Langer SH, Anal Chem 39 (1967) 525Google Scholar
  217. 188.
    Pal BK, Ryan DE, Anal Chim Acta 47 (1969) 35Google Scholar
  218. 189.
    Moreno A, Silva M, Perez-Bendito D, Valcarcel M, Talanta 30 (1983) 107Google Scholar
  219. 190.
    Biddle VL, Wehry EL, Anal Chem 50 (1978) 867Google Scholar
  220. 191.
    Guilbault GG, Brignac Jr P, Zimmer M, Anal Chem 40 (1968) 190Google Scholar
  221. 192.
    Stieg S, Nieman TA, Anal Chem 49 (1977) 1322Google Scholar
  222. 193.
    Burguera JL, Townshend A, Talanta 28 (1981) 731Google Scholar
  223. 194.
    Kalinichenko IE, Ukrain Chem J (USSR) 35 (1969) 755Google Scholar
  224. 195.
    Dubovenko LI, Tovmasyan AP, J Anal Chem (USSR) 25 (1970) 940Google Scholar
  225. 196.
    Henriksen A, Analyst 91 (1966) 647Google Scholar
  226. 197.
    Joint ABCM-SAC Committee on methods for the analysis of trade effluents, Analyst 81 (1956) 721Google Scholar
  227. 198.
    Hadjiioannou TP, Kephalas TA, Mikrochim Acta (1969) 1215Google Scholar
  228. 199.
    Hadjiioannou TP, Hadjiioannou SI, Avery J, Anal Chim Acta 89 (1977) 231Google Scholar
  229. 200.
    Webb RA, Hallas DG, Stevens HM, Analyst 94 (1969) 794Google Scholar
  230. 201.
    Duffield WD, Analyst 83 (1958) 503Google Scholar
  231. 202.
    Mirza MY, Nwabue FI, Talanta 28 (1981) 49Google Scholar
  232. 203.
    Miller DO, Yoe JH, Anal Chim Acta 26 (1962) 224Google Scholar
  233. 204.
    Kun E, J biol Chem 170 (1947) 509Google Scholar
  234. 205.
    Srivastava SP, Pandya KP, Zaidi SH, Analyst 94 (1969) 823Google Scholar
  235. 206.
    Sastry KS, Raman N, Sarma PS, Anal Chem 34 (1962) 1302Google Scholar
  236. 207.
    Specker H, Hartkamp H, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 145 (1955) 260Google Scholar
  237. 208.
    Lacroix S, Labalade M, Anal Chim Acta 3 (1949) 262Google Scholar
  238. 209.
    Freegarde M, Allen B, Analyst 85 (1960) 731Google Scholar
  239. 210.
    Milner GWC, Whittem RN, Analyst 77 (1952) 11Google Scholar
  240. 211.
    High JH, Analyst 69 (1944) 375Google Scholar
  241. 212.
    High JH, Analyst 70 (1945) 18Google Scholar
  242. 213.
    Edwards FH, Gailer JW, Analyst 70 (1945) 365Google Scholar
  243. 214.
    Norwitz G, Analyst 76 (1951) 314Google Scholar
  244. 215.
    Kopp H, Zindel E, Neue Gießerei 43 (1956) 210Google Scholar
  245. 216.
    Blazejak-Ditges D, Radex-Rundschau (1970) 32Google Scholar
  246. 217.
    Venturello G, Ghe AM, Analyst 82 (1957) 343Google Scholar
  247. 218.
    Scholes PH, Thulbourne C, Analyst 89 (1964) 466Google Scholar
  248. 219.
    Harrison TS, Analyst 70 (1945) 362Google Scholar
  249. 220.
    Cooper MD, Anal Chem 25 (1953) 411Google Scholar
  250. 221.
    Chirnside RC, Cluley HJ, Proffitt PMC, Analyst 72 (1947) 351Google Scholar
  251. 222.
    Jackwerth E, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 202 (1964) 81Google Scholar
  252. 223.
    Motojima K, Hashitani H, Imahashi T, Anal Chem 34 (1962) 571Google Scholar
  253. 224.
    Marczenko Z, Kasiura K, Krasiejko M, Mikrochim Acta (1969) 625Google Scholar
  254. 225.
    Donaldson (Penner) EM, Inman WR, Talanta 13 (1966) 489Google Scholar
  255. 226.
    Abdullah MI, Anal Chim Acta 40 (1968) 526Google Scholar
  256. 227.
    Riley JP, Williams HP, Mikrochim Acta (1959) 804Google Scholar
  257. 228.
    Grindley, DN, Burden EHWJ, Zaki AH, Analyst 79 (1954) 95Google Scholar
  258. 229.
    Peril A, Radex-Rundschau (1968) 239Google Scholar
  259. 230.
    Bennett H, Reed RA, Analyst 97 (1972) 794Google Scholar
  260. 231.
    Wilson AD, Analyst 88 (1963) 18Google Scholar
  261. 232.
    Ingamells CO, Anal Chem 38 (1966) 1228Google Scholar
  262. 233.
    Scholes PH, Thulbourne C, Analyst 88 (1963) 702Google Scholar
  263. 234.
    Johns P, Price WJ, Analyst 95 (1970) 138Google Scholar
  264. 235.
    Marczenko Z, Mikrochim Acta (1965) 281Google Scholar
  265. 236.
    Belcher R, Crossland B, Fennell TRFW, Talanta 17 (1970) 112Google Scholar
  266. 237.
    Gilbert R, Analyst 66 (1941) 450Google Scholar
  267. 238.
    Ethrington CG, Hughes JW, Analyst 72 (1947) 472Google Scholar
  268. 239.
    Koch W, Keller H, Sauer KH, Arch Eisenhüttenwes 35 (1964) 407Google Scholar
  269. 240.
    More A, Radex-Rundschau (1966) 184Google Scholar
  270. 241.
    Young RS, Talanta 28 (1981) 25Google Scholar
  271. 242.
    Gregorowicz Z, Górka P, Suwińska T, Fresenius Z Anal Chem 271 (1974) 354Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Othmar G. Koch
    • 1
  • W. Fresenius
    • 2
  1. 1.MeringDeutschland
  2. 2.Institut -FreseniusTaunussteinDeutschland

Personalised recommendations