• Reinier L. Zielhuis
  • Anne Stijkel
  • Maarten M. Verberk
  • Maartje van de Poel-Bot
Part of the International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health Supplement book series (OCCUPATIONAL)


There are hardly any data on occupational exposure of women to cadmium (Cd). Because cadmium has severely contaminated the general environment (particularly in Japan), data from women with nonoccupational exposure were also taken into account. Smoking cigarettes also contributes to the total daily intake. The present TLV is 50 μg Cd/m3-TWA; the WHO (1980) recommended 10 μg respirable Cd/m3-TWA.


Birth Weight Occupational Exposure Cadmium Concentration Female Worker Cadmium Level 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reinier L. Zielhuis
    • 1
  • Anne Stijkel
    • 1
  • Maarten M. Verberk
    • 1
  • Maartje van de Poel-Bot
    • 1
  1. 1.Coronel Laboratorium, Faculteit der GeneeskundeUniversiteit van AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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