There are hardly any data on occupational exposure of women to cadmium (Cd). Because cadmium has severely contaminated the general environment (particularly in Japan), data from women with nonoccupational exposure were also taken into account. Smoking cigarettes also contributes to the total daily intake. The present TLV is 50 μg Cd/m3-TWA; the WHO (1980) recommended 10 μg respirable Cd/m3-TWA.
KeywordsBirth Weight Occupational Exposure Cadmium Concentration Female Worker Cadmium Level
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