Energy Analysis of the Environmental Role in Agriculture

  • H. T. Odum
Part of the Advanced Series in Agricultural Sciences book series (AGRICULTURAL, volume 14)


In these times of changing availability of energy, designs of agroecosystems which are economically successful are changing and with them the role of agriculture in national economies and foreign trade. Understanding the role of energy in system design and economic value is a major objective of science and a prerequisite for sensible public policies.


Foreign Trade Energy Intensity Energy Analysis Environmental Input Nuclear Regulatory Commission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson JW (1980) Bioenergetics of Autotrophs and Heterotrophs. Arnold, London, 59 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Brady NC (1974) The nature and properties of soils. MacMillan NYGoogle Scholar
  3. Burnett MS (1978) Energy analysis of intermediate technology agricultural systems. M.S. Thesis, Environmental Engineering Sciences, Univ. of Florida, GainesvilleGoogle Scholar
  4. Dent JB, Brown WAN (1978) Agricultural crops for energy farming in New Zealand. Chap 6 of Report of the Energy Farming Research Group, New Zealand Energy Research and Development CommitteeGoogle Scholar
  5. Earl NB (1978) Methanol from wood in New Zealand. Alcohol Fuels, Sydney 5:17–21Google Scholar
  6. Fluck RC, Baird DC (1980) Agricultural energetics. AVI Publ Co, Westport, ConnGoogle Scholar
  7. Gilliland MW (1976) A geochemical model for evaluating theories on the genesis of Florida’s sedimentary phosphate deposits. Math Geol 8: 219–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gutierrez RJ (1978) Energy analysis and computer simulation of pastures in Florida. M.S. Thesis, Environmental Engineering Sciences, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, 187 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Jenny H (1982) The soil resource: origin and behavior. Springer-Verlag, NYGoogle Scholar
  10. Larson WE, Pierce FJ, Dowdy RH (1983) The threat of soil erosion to long term crop production. Science (Wash DC) 219:458–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lavine MJ, Butler TJ (1982) Use of embodied energy values to price environmental factors. Report on National Science Foundation Project PRA-8003845. Center for Environmental Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, NYGoogle Scholar
  12. Leach G (1975) Energy and food production. International Institute for Environment and Development, 1525 New Hampshire Ave., Washington DC, 151 ppGoogle Scholar
  13. Lisle JF (1960) Mean daily insolation in New Zealand. NZJ Sci 9(4):92–105Google Scholar
  14. McChesney IG, Bubb JW, Pearson RG (1978) Energy use on Canterbury farms, a pilot survey. Joint Centre for Environmental Sciences, Occasional paper 5:54 ppGoogle Scholar
  15. Mitchell R (1979) Analysis of Indian Agroecosystems. Interprint, New Delhi, 180 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Mudahar MS, Hignett TP (1982) Energy and fertilizer, policy issues and options for developing countries. International Fertilizer Development Center, Muscle Shoals, Alabama, 225 ppGoogle Scholar
  17. Odum HT (1967) Energetics of world food production. In: The President’s Science Advisory Committee. Report of Problems of World Food Supply, vol 3. White House, Washington DC, pp 55–94Google Scholar
  18. Odum HT (1971) Environment, power and society. Wiley-Interscience, NY, p 331Google Scholar
  19. Odum HT (1976) Energy quality and carrying capacity of the earth (Response at Prize Ceremony, Institute de la Vie, Paris). Trop Ecol 16(1): 1–8Google Scholar
  20. Odum HT (1978) Value of wetlands as domestic ecosystems. In: National Wetland Protection Symposium, Reston, Va. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Dept of Interior Bull. FWS/Obs- 78/97, pp 9–18Google Scholar
  21. Odum HT (1983) Systems ecology: an introduction. Wiley, NY, 644 pGoogle Scholar
  22. Odum HT, Odum EC (1980) Energy system of New Zealand and the use of embodied energy for evaluating benefits of international trade. Proc of Energy Modelling Symposium, 1979. Tech Publ No 7. Ministry of Energy, Wellington, New ZealandGoogle Scholar
  23. Odum HT, Odum EC (1983) Energy overview of nations. Working paper, WP-82–83, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria, 453 pGoogle Scholar
  24. Odum HT, Kylstra C, Alexander J, Sipe N, Lem P (1976) Net energy analysis of alternatives for the United States. Hearings of Subcommittee on Energy and Power. 94 th Congress. Serial No 94–63. U.S. Govt Printing Office, Washington, DC, pp 258–302Google Scholar
  25. Odum HT, Lavine MJ, Wang FC, Miller MA, Alexander JF, Butler T (1983) A manual for using energy analysis for power plant siting. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NUREG/CR- 2443, 221 pGoogle Scholar
  26. Odum HT, Odum EC (1976, 1981) Energy basis for man and nature. McGraw Hill, NY, 336 pGoogle Scholar
  27. Pimentel D, Pimentel M (1979) Food, energy and society. Halstead Press, Wiley, NY, 165 pGoogle Scholar
  28. Sclater JG, Taupart G, Galson ID (1980) The heat flow through the oceanic and continental crust and the heat loss of the earth. Dev of Geophysics and Space Physics 18:269–311Google Scholar
  29. Stanhill G (1978) The Fellah’s farm: an autarkic agroecosystem. Agroecosystems 4:433–448Google Scholar
  30. Stanhill G (1981) The Egyptian agroecosystem at the end of the 18 th century - an analysis based on the Description de L’egypte. Agroecosystems 6:305–314Google Scholar
  31. Swaney DP (1978) Energy analysis of climatic inputs to agriculture. Master’s Thesis, Envir Eng Sciences, Univ of Fla., GainesvilleGoogle Scholar
  32. Southwick EE, Pimentel D (1981) Energy efficiency of honey production by bees. Bioscience 31:730–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Toebes C (1972) Surface water resources of N.Z. 12 th New Zealand Science CongressGoogle Scholar
  34. Wang FC, Odum HT, Kangas PC (1980) Energy analysis for environmental impact assessment. ASCE J Water Resour Plan Manag Div 106:451–466Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. T. Odum

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations