Pain Physiology as a Neurological Model for Manipulation

  • Scott Haldeman


Pain of spinal origin is by far the dominant reason why patients seek spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). Approximately 50 percent of patients visiting a practitioner of SMT do so for low back pain and 90 percent of patients seeking SMT have primary musculoskeletal discomfort [Breen 1977; Vear 1972].


Intervertebral Disc Trigger Point Spinal Pain Spinal Manipulation Spinal Manipulative Therapy 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

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  • Scott Haldeman

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