Two Principles for Self-Organization
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN, volume 26)
In this paper I would like to propose two guiding principles for the study and understanding of self-organization in natural systems, which are derived from a combination of both empirical observation and cybernetic considerations. The basic thrust of these ideas is to see self-organization as a behavior of a specific class or type of systems, whose organization can be clearly spelled out. This amounts to explore the underlying mechanisms for self-organization itself. The two principles are as follows:
- Principle 1:
Every operationally closed system has eigenbehaviors.
- Principle 2:
Every operationally closed system changes by natural drift.
KeywordsRetina Coherence Cross Correlation
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Notes and References
- (2).The notion of operational closure is motivated, defined, and explored extensively in F. Varela (1979), Principles of Biological Autonomy, North-Holland/Elsevier, New York.Google Scholar
- (3).Cf. Varela (1979), op.cit. for further discussion on the meaning and formal definition of this term.Google Scholar
- (4).A discussion of recent results is F. Fogelman-Soulie (1984), Frustration and stability in random boolean networks, Discrete Math. (forthcoming).Google Scholar
- (5).For more on this notion see H. Maturana and F. Varela (1984), Evolution: natural drift through the conservation of adaptation, J. biological, social Structures (forthcoming).Google Scholar
- (6).See Maturana and Varela (1980) op.cit. for the original discussion of this point of view.Google Scholar
- (8).For an interesting approach to this question see P. Peretto (1984), Statistical properties of neural networks, Biological Cybernetics (in press).Google Scholar
- (9).See Maturana and Varela (1984) op.cit. for more on this crucial point.Google Scholar
- (13).This paper is partly based on F. Varela, (1983), L’autorganisation: au-delà des appariances et vers le méchanisme, in: P. Dumouchel, J.P. Dupuy (Eds.), L’Autorganisation, Colloque de Cerisy, Eds. du Seuil, Paris.Google Scholar
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984