Verschiedene Echostrukturen

  • Francis S. Weill

Zusammenfassung

Gleich welche Art der Bildwiedergabe man wählt, zur Darstellung kommen einerseits die Umrisse von Organen oder pathologischen Prozessen und andererseits die Binnenstrukturen. Selbst noch so komplexe Strukturen lassen sich bequem auf eine kleine Zahl von Elementarformen reduzieren.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Bamber JC, Hill K (1981) Acoustic properties of normal and cancerous human liver. Ultrasound Med Biol 7:121–133, 135–144Google Scholar
  2. Cosgrove DO, Arger PH (1982) Intravenous echoes due to laminar flow: Experimental observations. AJR 139: 953956Google Scholar
  3. Filly RA (1982) Characterization of biological fluids (including bile) by ultrasound (communication): The leading edge in diagnostic ultrasound. Atlantic City, May 1982Google Scholar
  4. Filly RA, Sommer FG, Minton AJ (1980) Characterization of biological fluids by ultrasound and computed tomography. Radiology 134: 167–171PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Glancy JJ, Goddard J, Pearson DE (1980) In vitro demonstration of cholesterol crystal’s high echogenicity relative to protein particles. J Clin Ultrasound 8: 27–29PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Goldstein A, Madrazo BL (1981) Slice thickness artifacts in gray-scale ultrasound. J Clin Ultrasound 9: 365–375PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hill CR, Nicholas D, Bamber JC (1976) Practical approaches to quantitative tissue characterization (Abstract No 1120). World Federation of ultrasound in medicine and biology, San Francisco 1976. American Institute for ultrasound in medicine, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  8. Kobayashi T (1978) Clinical ultrasound of the breast, vol 1. Pitman, Tunbridge WellsCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kort A, Kronzon I (1982) Microbubble formation, in vitro and in vivo observation. J Clin Ultrasound 10: 117–120PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kossoff G (1983) Advances in tissue characterization. Recent advances in ultrasound (communication). Dubrovnik, Yougoslavie, May 1983Google Scholar
  11. Kossoff G, Garrett WJ et al. (1976) Classification of soft tissues by grey scale echography. Ultrasound Med Biol 2: 89–97PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kurtz AB, Dubbins PA, Rubin CS, Kurtz RJ, Cooper HS, Cole-Benglet C, Goldberg BB (1981) Echogenicity: Analysis, significance and masking. AJR 137: 471–476Google Scholar
  13. Laing FC, Kurtz AB (1982) The importance of side lobe artifact. Radiology 145: 763–768PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Lamarque JL, Bruel JM, Rodiere JJ, Attal J, Djoukhadar A (1983) Acoustic microscopy. A new tool for breast tissue characterization. Eur J Radiol 3: 221Google Scholar
  15. Levi S, Keuwez J (1977) An attempt to find a differential attenuation coefficient for ultrasonic diagnosis of pelvic tumors in vivo. In: White DN, Brown RE (eds) Ultrasound in medicine, vol 3 B. Plenum, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Mattrey RF, Scheible FW, Gosink BB, Leopold R, Long DM, Higgins CB (1982) Perfluoroctylbromide: A liver — spleen specific tissue and tumor imaging ultrasound contrast material. Radiology 145: 759–762Google Scholar
  17. Nicholas D (1979) Ultrasonic diffraction analysis in the in- vestigation of liver disease. Br J Radiol 52: 949–961PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nicholas D (1982) Evaluation of back scattering coefficients for excised human tissues: Results, interpretation and associate measurements. Ultrasound Med Biol 8: 17–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nicholas D, Hill CR (1975) Acoustic diffraction from human tissues. Nature 257: 305–306PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pourcelot L, Besse D, Rejot C, Planiol T (1979) Visualization of blood flow with ultrasound (Abstract No 12.1). 2nd meeting of World Federation of ultrasound in medicine and biology, Miasaki, JapanGoogle Scholar
  21. Rettenmaier G (1973 a) Echographic diagnosis and differential diagnosis of diffuse liver diseases. Start of quantitative evaluation and results. Verh Dtsch Ges Inn Med 79: 962–964Google Scholar
  22. Rettenmaier G ( 1973 b) Quantitative criteria of intrahepatic echo patterns correlated with structural alteration. Ultrasonics in medicine. Second World Congress, Amsterdam 1973. Excerpta Medica, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  23. Rose JL, Goldberg BB (1979) Basic physics in diagnostic ultrasound. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. Shawker FH, Maran B, Linzer M, Parks SI, James SP, Stromeyer FW, Barranger JA (1981) B scan echoamplitude measurement in patients with diffuse infiltrative liver disease. J Clin Ultrasound 9: 293–301PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sommer FG, Filly AR, Minton MJ (1979) Acoustic shadowing due to refractive and reflective effects. AJR 132: 973–977PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Taylor KJW, Atkinson P, de Graaff CS, Dembner AG, Rosenfeld AT (1978) Clinical evaluation of a pulsedoppler device linked to gray scale B scan equipment. Radiology 129: 745–749Google Scholar
  27. Wagai T (1973) Advances in ultrasonography and its clinical evaluation. Proceedings of the World Federation of ultrasound in medicine and biology, Second Congress Amsterdam 1973. Excerpta Medica, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  28. Weill F, Ricatte JP, Bonneville JF, Prevotat N (1970) Systématisation élémentaire de l’image tomo-échographique: Applications cliniques. J Radiol 5: 389–398Google Scholar
  29. Winsberg F (1983) Echoanatomie du diaphragme. Cours „Les Ultrasons de Besançon“ 11. IV. 1983Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis S. Weill
    • 1
  1. 1.Chaire de Radiodiagnostic, Radiologie AHôpital Jean MinjozBesançonFrance

Personalised recommendations