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Fluid and Electrolyte Management in the Critically Ill

  • K. Hillman
Part of the Anaesthesiologie und Intensivmedizin / Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine book series (A+I, volume 167)

Abstract

A patient’s ability to tolerate inappropriate fluid and electrolyte therapy should not be underestimated; regimes ranging from no fluid to more than 4 litres of isotonic saline/day are tolerated and compensated by uncomplicated postoperative patients. Intensive Care physicians cannot affort to be so imprecise; critically ill patients have usually lost normal physiological control of thirst and often have impaired renal function; bad fluid and electrolyte therapy cannot be corrected and compensated for by the patient.

Keywords

Central Venous Pressure Interstitial Space Fluid Therapy Colloid Osmotic Pressure Fluid Compartment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    Shoemaker WC (1976) Comparison of the relative effectiveness of whole blood transfusions and various types of fluid therapy in resuscitation. Crit Care Med 4:71–78PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Hauser CJ, Shoemaker WC, Turpin I et al (1980) Oxygen transport responses to colloids and crystalloid in critically ill surgical patients. Surgery. Gynaecology & Obstetrics 150:811–816Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hillman KM (1983) Resuscitation in diabetic ketoacidosis. Crit Care Med 11:53–55PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Kramer P, Kaufhold HJ, Grone W et al (1980) Management of anuric intensive care patients with arteriovenous haemofiltration. Int J of Artif Organs 3:225–230Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Hillman

There are no affiliations available

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