Update in the Treatment of Acute Circulatory Failure

  • E. C. Rackow
Conference paper
Part of the Anaesthesiologie und Intensivmedizin / Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine book series (A+I, volume 167)


The pathophysiological defect which characterizes shock is that of perfusion failure in which blood flow to maintain the function of vital organ systems is critically reduced. As a clinical syndrome, it is characterized by protracted prostration, pallor, coldness and moistness of the skin, collapse of the superficial veins, alterations in pressure is typically less than 90 mmHg or has declined more than 50 mm from the basal level, and the urine flow is less than 20 ml/h.


Cardiac Output Left Ventricular Filling Pressure Coronary Perfusion Pressure Ventricular Filling Pressure Circulatory Shock 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

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  • E. C. Rackow

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