Extracorporeal Support in ARDS: Update in 1984
The first clinical application of extracorporeal support for acute respiratory failure was reported by Hill and coll. in 1972 . The main purpose of such an approach was to oxygenate the arterial blood (v-a by pass) attempting to buy time for lungs healing, while reducing the FiO2 and the volume of the gas mixture ventilating the diseased lungs. After the Hill’s report, several teams throughout the work used that technique with an overall survival rate of 10% .
KeywordsAcute Respiratory Failure Membrane Lung Double Lumen Catheter Respiratory Assistance Natural Lung
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