Videodensitometric Measurements of the Blood Flow in the Model Circulation and in the Iliac Arteries: Methodological Investigations

  • H. Fröhlich
Conference paper
Part of the Frontiers in European Radiology book series (FER, volume 4)


The quantitative analysis of blood flow within central and peripheral blood vessels has attracted more and more interest, for with the rapid developments in vascular surgery and the introduction of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, it is becoming increasingly important to be able to measure regional blood flow in man. In clinical radiology, angiography has been used predominantly from the point of view of its morphological applications. However, theoretically angiography may also be regarded as a specific application of indicator-dilution measurements of blood flow. The indicator is contrast medium (CM), the changing concentration of which is recorded by cinematography or video-electronic systems at sites downstream from the point of injection. The curves of density thus obtained correspond to indicator-dilution curves. The blood flow can be calculated from the concentration-time curves of CM in much the same way as it is estimated from other indicator-dilution curves.


Contrast Medium Model Circulation Iliac Artery Signal Amplitude Flow Volume 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Borgnis F, Frutiger P (1969) An improved ultrasonic flowmeter. Cardiologia 54: 193PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brennecke R, Bürsch J, Heintzen PH (1978) Improvements in videodensitometry systems for cardiovascular studies. In: Heintzen PH, Bürsch J (eds) Roentgen-Video-Techniques. Thieme, Stuttgart, p 12Google Scholar
  3. Brennecke R, Hahne HJ, Bürsch JH, Heintzen PH (1983) Digital videodensitometry: Some ap-proaches to radiographic image restoration and analysis. In: Heuck FHW (ed) Radiological functional analysis of the vascular system. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  4. Bürsch J, Johs R, Heintzen PH (1969) Untersuchungen zur Gültigkeit des Lambert-Beerschen Gesetzes bei röntgenologischen Kontrastmittelmessungen. Fortschr Röntgenstr 112: 259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bürsch J, Kirbach H, Schnürer C, Heintzen PH (1971) Accuracy of videodensitometric flow measurement. In: Heintzen PH (ed) Roentgen-Cine- a. Videodensitometrie. Thieme, Stuttgart, p 119Google Scholar
  6. Bürsch JH, Hahne HJ, Brennecke R, Grönemmeier D, Heintzen PH (1981) Assessment of arterial blood flow measurement by digital angiography. Radiology 141: 39PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Decker D, Roth FJ, Epple E, Allenberg JR (1973) Meßabweichungen der Röntgen-Cine-CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dedichen H, Kordt KF (1974) Blood flow in normal human ileo-femoral arteries studied withelectromagnetic technique. Acta Chir Scand 140: 371PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Femor U, Huber H, Neuhaus KL, Schmiel FK, Spiller P (1979) Measurement of flow velocityin the model circulation by videodensitometry. Z Kardiol 73: 361Google Scholar
  10. Ganz V, Hlavoa A, Fronek A, Linhart J (1964) Measurement of blood flow in the femoral ar¬tery in man at rest and during exercise by local thermodilution. Circulation 30: 86 - 93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Heuck F (1973) Densitometrie in der Radiologie. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  12. Heuck F (1983) Roentgen cinedensitometry of blood circulation. In: Heuck F (ed) Radiological functional analysis of the vascular system. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
  13. Heuck F, Vanselow K, Deininger HK (1975) Neue Grundlagen und Theorien zur Verbesserung der Angio-Cine-Densitometrie. Fortschr Röntgenstr 123, 6: 567–570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Heintzen PH (1971) Usefulness and limitation of conventional X-ray equipment for roentgendensitometric studies. In: Heintzen PH (ed) Roentgen-Cine- a. Videodensitometrie. Thieme, Stuttgart, p 1Google Scholar
  15. Heintzen PH, Bürsch JH (1978) Roentgen-videotechniques. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  16. Heintzen P, Osypka P, Bürsch J (1969) New technique for functional studies in radiology and cardiology. Ann Radiol (Paris) 12: 425Google Scholar
  17. Hilal SK (1966) Determination of the blood flow by a radiographic technique. AJR 96: 896Google Scholar
  18. Itzchak Y, Yerushalmi S, Deutsch V (1975 a) Blood flow measurement in the iliac arteries by an improved angiographic cinedensitometrie technique. Invest Radiol 10:1–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Itzchak Y, Modan M, Adar R, Deutsch V (1975 b) External iliac artery blood flow in patients with arteriosklerosis obliterans. AJR 125:459Google Scholar
  20. Jorfeldt L, Wahren J (1971) Leg blood flow during exercise in man. Clin Sei 41: 459Google Scholar
  21. Lantz B, Strid KG (1973) Contrast formation in fluoroscopic videodensitometry. II. A Comparison between theoretically computed and experimentally measured contrast. Acta Radiol 14: 625Google Scholar
  22. Lissner J, Marhoff P (1968) Videodensitometrie, technische Grundlagen und klinische Anwendung als Fernsehkymographie. Fortschr Röntgenstr 108: 79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pannek H, Neuhaus KL, Schmiel FK, Spiller P (1978) Röntgenvideodensitometrische Flußmessungen in aortokoronaren Bypass-Gefäßen. Z Kardiol 67: 787PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Piroth HD, Schmidt HD, Georgi M, Brünner H, Günther R, Leeder H (1979) Bestimmung der Leberhämodynamik im Rahmen der Splenoportographie bei portaler Hypertension. Fortschr Röntgenstr 130: 311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rosen L, Silverman NR (1973) Videodensitometrie measurements of blood flow using cross-correlation technique. Radiology 109: 305PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Rutishauser W(1969) Kreislaufanalyse mittels Röntgendensitometrie. Huber, BernGoogle Scholar
  27. Rutishauser W, Bussmann WD, Noseda G, Meier W, Wellauer J (1970) Blood flow measurement through single coronary arteries by roentgen densitometry. I.A. Comparison of flow measured by a radiologic technique applicable in the intact organism and by electromagnetic flowmeter. AJR 109: 12Google Scholar
  28. Vanselow K, Heuck F, Deininger HK (1975) Neue Grundlagen und Theorien zur Verbesserung der Angio-Cine-Densitometrie. Fortschr Röntgenstr 123: 468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wood EH, Sturm RE, Sanders JJ (1964) Data processing in cardiovascular physiology with particular reference to roentgen videodensitometry. Mayo Clin Proc 39: 849–865PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag-Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Fröhlich
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Hannover Medical SchoolHannoverWest Germany
  2. 2.Röntgenabteilung des Robert-koch-KrankenhausGehrdenGermany

Personalised recommendations