Endosymbioses: Evolutionary Trends in Cellular Compartmentation

  • W. Reisser
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)


Ultrastructure of eukaryotic cells is characterized by compartmentation, e.g., by the existence of special areas surrounded by membranes. These areas have special functions in cell metabolism and are partially endowed with their own genetic apparatus which is different from the nuclear one. This discontinuity in cellular organization has been intriguing to biologists since the beginning of microscope studies, and has initiated many speculations on development of eukaryotic features. Two main hypotheses trying to explain compartmentation are being discussed nowadays:
  1. a)

    endogenous differentiation of membrane enclosed areas (Cavalier-Smith 1981) and

  2. b)

    uptake of foreign cells and subsequent symbiosis formation (endosymbiotis theory) (Margulis 1981).



Symbiosis Formation Symbiotic Alga Symbiotic Partner Genetic Apparatus Locomotory Apparatus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cavalier-Smith T (1981) In: Carlile MJ, Collins JF, Moseley BEB (eds) Molecular and cellular aspects of microbial evolution. Cambridge University Press, pp 33–84Google Scholar
  2. Duckett JG, Prasad AKSK, Davis DA, Walker S (1977) New Phytol 79: 349–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gibbs SP (1981) NY Acad Sci 361: 193–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Grilli-Caiola M (1980) New Phytol 85: 537–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hibberd DJ (1977) J Mar Biol Assoc UK 57: 45–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hill DJ (1975) Planta (Berl) 122: 179–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jeon KW (1972) Science (Wash DC) 176: 1122–1123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kies L (1980) In: Schwemmler W, Schenk HEA (eds) Endocytobiology vol 1. De Gruyter Berlin New York, pp 7–19Google Scholar
  9. Kivic PA, Walne PL (1983) Bio Systems 16: 31–38PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lee JJ (1983) Int Rev Cytol 14: 49–77Google Scholar
  11. Lefort-Tran M (1982) Cell Function and Differentiation 8: 67–76Google Scholar
  12. Margulis L (1976) Exp Parasit Rev 39: 277–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Margulis L (1981) Symbiosis in cell evolution. Freeman Co San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  14. Meier R, Reisser W, Wiessner W, Lefort-Tran M (1980) Z Naturforsch 35c: 1107–1110Google Scholar
  15. Muscatine L, McAuley PJ (1982) Cytobios 33: 111–124PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Muscatine L, Boyle JE, Smith DC (1974) Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 187: 221–234PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Muscatine L, Karakashian SJ, Karakashian MW (1967) Comp Biochem Physiol 20: 1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Muscatine L, Cook CB, Pardy RL, Pool RR (1975) Symp Soc Exp Biol 29: 175–203PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Niess D, Reisser W, Wiessner W (1982) Planta (Berl) 156: 475–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ortiz W, Stutz E (1980) FEBS Lett 116: 298–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Oschman JL (1966) J Phycol 2: 105–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pascher A (1929) Jahrb wiss Bot 71: 386–462Google Scholar
  23. Pirozynski KA, Malloch DW (1975) Bio Systems 6: 153–164PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pool RR (1979) J Cell Sci 35: 367–379PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Reisser W (1980) In: Schwemmler W, Schenk HEA (eds) Endocytobiology vol 1. De Gruyter Berlin New York, pp 97–104Google Scholar
  26. Reisser W (1981a) Ber Dtsch Bot Ges 94: 557–563Google Scholar
  27. Reisser W (1981b) Protoplasma 105: 273–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Reisser W, Hdder D-P (1984) Photochem Photobiol 39: 673–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Reisser W, Radunz A, Wiessner W (1982) Cytobios 33: 39–50PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Trench RK (1982) In: Round FE, Chapman DJ (eds) Progress in phycological research vol 1. Elsevier Biomedical Press B V Amsterdam, pp 257–288Google Scholar
  31. Weiss DS (1974) Trans Am Micros Soc 93: 135–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Whatley JM (1980) New Phytol 86: 1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Whatley JM (1982) Biol Rev 57: 527–569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Whatley JM, John P, Whatley FR (1979) Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 204: 165–187PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zamenhof S, Eichhorn HH (1967) Nature (Lond) 216: 456–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Reisser
    • 1
  1. 1.FB BiologieUniversität MarburgMarburgGermany

Personalised recommendations