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Persönlichkeitsfaktoren und Adaptation

  • A. Kaplan De-Nour

Zusammenfassung

Die Psychiatrie befaßt sich seit Mitte der 60er Jahre mit der Hämodialyse. Der Zusammenhang zwischen der Persönlichkeit des Patienten und seiner Anpassung an die Dialyse war von Anfang an ein zentrales Thema (Sand et al. 1966). Trotzdem sind die Erkenntnisse in diesem Bereich immer noch begrenzt und häufig widersprüchlich. Hierfür sind mindestens 3 Faktoren verantwortlich. Zum einen fehlt eine allgemeingültige Definition von Adaptation. Einige Untersuchungen befassen sich mit bestimmten spezifischen Aspekten der Adaptation, andere dagegen benutzen Maße für eine globale Adaptation. Das zweite wesentliche Problem besteht in der Definition und Messung von Persönlichkeitsfaktoren. Auch hier wurden in verschiedenen Untersuchungen unterschiedliche Maße verwendet und unterschiedliche Persönlichkeitsfaktoren erfaßt, so daß ein Vergleich der Ergebnisse Schwierigkeiten bereitet. Das dritte Problem, das zur mangelnden Klarheit über die Beziehung zwischen Persönlichkeit und Adaptation beiträgt, besteht darin, daß Adaptation höchstwahrscheinlich von mehreren Faktoren abhängt, z. B. von der Familienstruktur, von der Einstellung des Dialysepersonals und von medizinischen Komplikationen.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

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  • A. Kaplan De-Nour

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