Charles T. Jackson’s Claim to the Discovery of Etherization
When the discovery of anesthesia is discussed, the names of W. T. G. Morton, Horace Wells, and Crawford Long are quickly mentioned; however, we must not forget the name of Charles T. Jackson, the physician, scientist, teacher, and author who was berated and publicly vilified for daring to claim what he thought was rightfully his. Of the three independent discoveries of anesthesia, only the Boston discovery resulted in the worldwide use of anesthetics for surgery. Crawford Long published nothing until the use of anesthetics was commonplace, and Horace Well’s discovery resulted only in the use of nitrous oxide for dental anesthesia in the vicinity of Hartford, Connecticut.
KeywordsMassachusetts General Hospital Select Committee Sulfuric Ether Anesthetic Property French Academy
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Statements, Supported by Evidence of WTG Morton, MD on His Claim to the Discovery of the Anesthetic Properties of Ether. Submitted to the Honorable Select Committee Appointed by the Senate of the US 32nd Congress 2nd Session, January 21, 1853. Presented by Mr Davis of Massachusetts. Testimony of Dr A A Gould, pp 265–286Google Scholar
- 2.Morton WTG (1848) A memoir to the Academy of Sciences at Paris on the new use of sulfuric ether. Little’s Living Age, BostonGoogle Scholar
- 3.Channing W (1848) A treatise on etherization in childbirth. Ticknor, BostonGoogle Scholar
- 4.Report to the House of Representatives of the United States of America. Rep Stanley of North Carolina and Evans of Maryland - Minority Report of the Select Committee on the Ether Discovery Indicating the Rights of Charles T Jackson, August 1852Google Scholar
- 5.Thirty-Second Congress - First Session, House of Representatives. Report of the Select Committee referred the memorial of Dr WTG Morton. Dr WH Bissell of Illinois, Chairman, 1852Google Scholar
- 6.Warren JC (1848) Etherization with surgical remarks. Ticknor, BostonGoogle Scholar
- 7.Idem reference 1, Testimony of Robert Eddy, p 397–434Google Scholar
- 8.Lord JL, Lord HC (1848) A defense of Charles T Jackson’s claims to the discovery of etherization. Little’s Living Age, BostonGoogle Scholar
- 9.An Examination of the Question of Anesthesia Arising on the Memorial of Charles Thomas Wells. Hon. Truman Smith, US Senator from Connecticut. John A Gray, Printer, 1858Google Scholar
- 12.Morton WJ (1880) The invention of anesthetic inhalation or discovery of anesthesia. Appleton Manhattan Beach, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
- 13.Hodges RM (1891) A narrative of events connected with the introduction of sulfuric ether into surgical use. Little Brown, Boston, pp 64–65Google Scholar