The Development of Anesthesiology in Czechoslovakia
In the nineteenth century, the part of Europe which is today known as Czechoslovakia was part of the Austro- Hungarian Empire. Prague not only boasted one of the oldest universities in Europe, but also took an active part in establishing the fame of the surgical school of Vienna. Therefore, perhaps not surprisingly, the first ether anesthesia in Prague was given (by C. Opitz in February 1847) less than 4 months after its efficacy had been shown in Boston, Massachusetts. Other advances soon followed. Among them were the early acceptance of chloroform, the introduction of premedication, and the use of the O’Dwyer metal endotracheal tube for maxillofacial surgery (K. Maydl).
KeywordsEurope Chloroform Rubber Diethyl Stopper
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