Anesthesiology and Pharmacology at Wisconsin in the 1930s
The anesthesia residency program at the University of Wisconsin at Madison was established by Ralph Waters in 1927 and was soon recognized as a pioneer and leader in the development of the academic discipline of anesthesiology in that period. The program initiated by Dr. Waters established an exceptional model for residency training in anesthesiology and, in fact, laid the basis for the pattern of our residency training programs today. Morbidity and mortality conferences, journal clubs, and anesthesia records (both individual and collective) were features of this program . Waters emphasized a broad program encompassing not only surgical and obstetric anesthesia, but also therapeutic and diagnostic blocks. In addition, analeptic and fluid therapy, artificial respiration, and the management of postoperative complications — the elements of intensive care — were included and stressed.
KeywordsToxicity Dioxide Ethyl Filtration Depression
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