Anaesthesia pp 161-165 | Cite as

History of Development of Standards for Anesthesia Equipment

  • L. Rendell-Baker


In World War II, Tovell reported that the US Army stationed in the United Kingdom used four different makes of anesthesia apparatus [1]. Two were British and used British cylinders and two were American made and used American cylinders. The latter were filled by British gas suppliers whose carbon dioxide cylinders were painted green — the same as the American oxygen cylinders. Inevitably some American oxygen cyclinders were filled with carbon dioxide and deaths occurred. None of these four makes of gas machines accepted the same size of hoses, masks, tracheal tube connectors, bags, etc., so that “when a sudden need for accessory equipment arose, nurses and corpsmen were likely to respond to it by bringing parts that would not fit.”


Tracheal Tube Breathing System American National Standard Institute Anesthesia Equipment Ethylene Oxide Sterilization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Tovell RM (1947) Problems in supply of anesthetic gases in the European Theater of operations, US Army. Anesthesiology 8: 303PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rendell-Baker L (1984) Standards for anesthesia: the Issues, in future anesthesia delivery systems. Davis, Philadelphia, p 60Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rendell-Baker L (1982) Standards for anesthetic and ventilatory equipment. Int Anesthesiol Clin 20 /4: 175Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Symchych PS, Cadotte M (1967) Squamous metaplasia and necrosis of the trachea complicating prolonged nasotracheal intubation of small new born infants. J Pediatr 7: 534Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guess WL, Stetson JB (1968) Tissue reaction to organotin stabilized PVC catheters. JAMA 204: 580PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ethylene Oxide Sterilization: A Guide for Hospital Personnel. AAMI.EOSG. 7/76, Association for Advancement of Medical Instrumentation, 1901 N. Ft. Myer Dr., Suite 602, Arlington, VA 22209Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Good Hospital Pracitice: Ethylene Oxide Gas — Ventilation Recommendations and Safe Use. Association for Advancement of Medical Instrumentation, 1901 N. Ft. Myer Dr., Suite 602, Arlington, VA 22209Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Federal Register Notice, 20 June 1984Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    American National Standard Z79.8. 1976 Minimum Performance and Safety Requirements for Components and Systems of Continuous Flow Anesthesia Machines for Human Use. American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Geiger K, Hedley-Whyte J (1982) Problems with equipment in oxygen therapy. Int Anesthesiol Clin 20 /3: 206Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Rendell-Baker

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations