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Anaesthesia pp 161-165 | Cite as

History of Development of Standards for Anesthesia Equipment

  • L. Rendell-Baker

Abstract

In World War II, Tovell reported that the US Army stationed in the United Kingdom used four different makes of anesthesia apparatus [1]. Two were British and used British cylinders and two were American made and used American cylinders. The latter were filled by British gas suppliers whose carbon dioxide cylinders were painted green — the same as the American oxygen cylinders. Inevitably some American oxygen cyclinders were filled with carbon dioxide and deaths occurred. None of these four makes of gas machines accepted the same size of hoses, masks, tracheal tube connectors, bags, etc., so that “when a sudden need for accessory equipment arose, nurses and corpsmen were likely to respond to it by bringing parts that would not fit.”

Keywords

Tracheal Tube Breathing System American National Standard Institute Anesthesia Equipment Ethylene Oxide Sterilization 
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References

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    Tovell RM (1947) Problems in supply of anesthetic gases in the European Theater of operations, US Army. Anesthesiology 8: 303PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Rendell-Baker

There are no affiliations available

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