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Anaesthesia pp 45-48 | Cite as

Development of the Apgar Score

  • S. Harrison Calmes

Abstract

One contribution of American anesthesia is important for other specialties also. The Apgar Score, for evaluation of the transition of the newborn baby to extrauterine life, is used by both obstetrics and pediatrics as well as anesthesiology. I investigated the development of the Apgar score as part of a larger project on Virginia Apgar’s life. For this study, I recorded oral history interviews with nine of her colleagues and reviewed archival material at Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Massachusetts.

Keywords

Apgar Score Newborn Baby Obstetric Anesthesia Bellevue Hospital Extrauterine Life 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Interview with George Humphreys, 4 September 1981; transcript in possession of authorGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Expenses: 1929–1937, Box 10, Apgar Papers, Mt. Holyoke College Library/Archives (AP-MHCLA)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Personal diary: Box 10, AP-MCLHAGoogle Scholar
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    Matthew C. Fleming to Apgar, 15 June 1938: Box 4, Folder 21, AP-MHCLAGoogle Scholar
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    Interview with Belmont and William Musicant, 6 June 1981: transcript in possession of authorGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Harrison Calmes

There are no affiliations available

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